Inflated quotas for captive-bred wildlife in Indonesia may aid traffickers: report

first_imgIndonesia’s captive breeding plan is meant to enable the legal wildlife trade while protecting the country’s natural riches, including its incredible biodiversity.But “unrealistically high” quotas for the maximum production of certain species in the plan are likely being taken advantage of by wildlife traffickers, according to a new study.The Indonesian environment ministry official in charge of setting the quotas says his department has audited the country’s breeding centers to ensure their professionalism and quality. JAKARTA — Inflated quotas for breeding animals in Indonesia’s commercial conservation facilities appear to be fueling the illegal wildlife trade, according to a new study by TRAFFIC, an NGO.To supply markets at home and abroad, the archipelago country sets per-species quotas for the numbers of both wild-caught and captive-bred specimens that can be legally sold. But the latter are “unrealistically high” for 61 species, creating loopholes for traffickers to fraudulently report animals they catch as captive bred. To arrive at their findings, the researchers compared biological parameters used in the Indonesian quotas with published ones from hundreds of books, journals and magazines.“For many species, quotas are much higher than what top-notch breeding facilities can realistically produce, and these quotas may be exploited to launder wild-sourced specimens,” according to the study, published earlier this month in Conservation Biology.In one example, Indonesia’s captive breeding plan allows white-lipped tree frogs (Litoria infrafrenata) to be harvested at 67 times the rate the species can produce naturally. The creature is a popular pet.Some companies are allocated quotas for captive-bred specimens of species with no breeding stock reportedly present at any breeding facilities The earless monitor (Lanthanotus borneensis) and Southeast Asian box turtle (Cuora amboinensis) fall under this category.“That a captive breeding quota has been allocated with no pre-existing breeding stock raises serious concerns that reportedly captive-bred earless monitor may have been taken from the wild,” the report said.Last year, Indonesia allotted harvesting of more than 4.2 million captive-bred animals of 129 mammal, reptile and amphibians to 13 registered facilities.Evidence of wildlife laundering already exists for some species in Indonesia. A 2011 study asserted that nearly 80 percent of 5,337 green tree pythons (Morelia viridis) exported from its breeding facilities from 2009 to 2011 were in fact caught in eastern Indonesia.“The current approach to setting quotas for the captive-bred pet trade is a conservation concern posing a serious threat to the conservation of Indonesian wildlife, as a false sense of sustainability is established when wildlife is laundered through breeding facilities,” the report said.A white-lipped tree frog. Photo by Hans de Bisschop/Flickr.Wiratno, who like many Indonesians goes by one name, is the newly appointed head of the Ministry of Environment and Forestry department that sets the quotas. While he was not involved in setting out the 2016 breeding plan, he said in an interview, he accepts the TRAFFIC report as constructive criticism.Still, he said that breeding facilities did not abuse the 2016 since they ultimately exported less than half of their allocated quotas.“We have audited these breeding centers to ensure their professionalism and the quality of the captive-bred species,” Wiratno said.Regular checks and surprise raids by are among the ways that the ministry monitors the nation’s breeding facilities, he added. His office has involved experts from the Indonesian Institute of Sciences and other institutions to design a new plan for the coming years.“This [TRAFFIC] report serves as an input for me,” he said. “I want to run an office that applies clean and open governance, so everyone must be prepared to be evaluated by anybody and data must be published for the public.”Indonesia has been labeled as an epicenter for illegal wildlife trade in reptiles and amphibians. President Joko Widodo has put the fight against illegal wildlife trade as a top conservation priority in his administration. Banner image: Native to northern Borneo, the earless monitor lizard is a semi-aquatic brown 8-inch-long lizard. And yes, it lacks external ears. Photo by Chien C. Lee, Wild Borneo Photography/Wikimedia Commons. FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredcenter_img Article published by mongabayauthor Animals, Biodiversity, Captive Breeding, Conservation, Environment, Environmental Crime, Environmental Law, Environmental Policy, Pet Trade, Wildlife, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking last_img

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