Pangolin hunting skyrockets in Central Africa, driven by international trade

first_imgAnimals, Anti-poaching, Biodiversity, Bushmeat, Charismatic Animals, Cites, Conservation, Consumption, Corruption, Endangered Species, Environment, Forests, Hunting, Illegal Trade, Mammals, Meat, Overexploitation, Pangolins, Poachers, Poaching, Rainforests, Research, Sub-saharan Africa, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation, Wildlife Crime, Wildlife Trade, Wildlife Trafficking Article published by John Cannon Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredcenter_img The study pulled together information on markets, prices and hunting methods for pangolins from research in 14 countries in Africa.Pangolins are hunted for their meat in some African countries, and their scales are used in traditional medicine, both locally and in several Asian countries, including China.The researchers found that as many as 2.71 million pangolins from three species are killed every year across six Central African countries – at least a 145 percent increase since before 2000.They recommend better enforcement of the 2016 CITES ban across the entire supply chain, from Africa to Asia. Ballooning demand for pangolin scales and meat has driven the hunting of these armored animals up at least 145 percent in Central Africa since before 2000, according to a new study published online July 11 by the journal Conservation Letters.Pangolins have been tagged as “the world’s most heavily trafficked wild mammal,” often for the keratin plates that protect it and are used in Africa and Asia in traditional medicine. But until now, scientists didn’t know how big an impact that illegal trade was having on hunting in Central Africa.“Overexploitation is one of the main pressures driving wildlife, like the pangolins, closer to extinction, yet data to evaluate the pressures underlying species’ declines are scarce,” said Jörn Scharlemann, an ecologist at the University of Sussex in the U.K., in a statement.A black-bellied pangolin (Phataginus tetradactyla) in Central African Republic opportunistically taken for its meat. Photo by John C. Cannon.To understand the scale of the problem, Scharlemann and his colleagues, representing 22 universities and institutions throughout Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America, pulled together information on markets, prices and hunting methods for pangolins from research in 14 countries in Africa.“Collating data from local studies collected by hundreds of researchers allows us to provide vital information on the regional exploitation of African pangolins at a critical time for the survival of these species,” Scharlemann said. “Bringing these individual studies together allows us to see the bigger picture that can help inform conservation policy and provide the evidence to governments across the world required to step-up and take action.”They found that as many as 2.71 million pangolins from three species are killed every year across six Central African countries – Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Republic of Congo. What’s more, the proportion of pangolins compared to other types of hunted animals is 50 times as much as it was four decades ago.But what such numbers mean is still a bit of a mystery, in part because they’re so tough to study.“Pangolins are extremely difficult to see, let alone monitor,” said Fiona Maisels, an ecologist with the Wildlife Conservation Society, in the statement. “They are nocturnal; in the daytime they are either underground or high up in trees, they do not call, make conspicuous nests, or provide us with easily recognizable dung piles.”Pangolins, such as this one in Central African Republic, are elusive animals that are difficult to study. Photo courtesy of Sangha Lodge Pangolin Conservation Project and WCS.Those hurdles have hampered finding a critical piece of information about pangolins, Maisels added: “To date, we have no way of estimating how many still exist in the forests of Central Africa.”The authors did find that 45 percent of the hunted pangolins that appeared in the research weren’t yet fully grown, leading them to conclude that the current level of hunting is unsustainable.Currently, the three pangolin species found in Central Africa’s forests, along with one other found in southern Africa, are all listed as Vulnerable by IUCN. But closer to the epicenter of demand in Asia, their relatives aren’t faring as well. Numbers of the Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) have declined by 90 percent, and the IUCN considers all four Asian species either Endangered or Critically Endangered.“Our new study shows that African pangolins are at risk,” said Daniel Ingram, the study’s lead author and a biologist at the University of Sussex. “We now have the opportunity to ensure that these species do not follow the severe declines of the Asian pangolins.”A Temminck’s ground pangolin, pictured here in Namibia. Photo ©Tim Lewthwaite courtesy of WCS.The researchers postulate that rises in demand to fill the void in Asian markets left by the now-scarce Asian species could be a reason for the spike in pangolin prices the authors uncovered. In urban markets, the cost of a giant ground pangolin (Smutsia gigantea) in 2014 was 5.8 times as much as it was in 1993.The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, or CITES, banned the international trade of pangolins in 2016. But, as the authors point out, that directive doesn’t come with the tools to enforce it. That’s left to the countries where the trade occurs.“With hunting increasing, it is crucial we investigate how this links to the illegal wildlife trade,” Ingram said. “The engagement of governments and local people will be critical to the conservation of African pangolins.”The study includes a recommendation to start by tackling local markets for pangolins and by identifying areas where hunting is unsustainable. But the researchers also write that enforcement and monitoring should occur throughout the supply chain, including Asia – and China in particular, where consumer demand is highest – before it’s too late.“If we do not act now to better understand and protect these charismatic animals,” Ingram said, “we may lose them in the future.”CITATIONSChallender, D. W., Waterman, C., & Baillie, J. E. (2014). Scaling up pangolin conservation. IUCN SSC Pangolin Specialist Group Conservation Action Plan. Zoological Society of London, London, UK.Ingram, D. J., Coad, L., Abernethy, K. A., Maisels, F., Stokes, E. J., Bobo, K. S., … & Holmern, T. (2017). Assessing Africa‐Wide Pangolin Exploitation by Scaling Local Data. Conservation Letters.Banner image of a Temminck’s ground pangolin ©Tim Lewthwaite, courtesy of WCS.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page.last_img

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