BP expected to restore dividend

first_imgThursday 27 January 2011 11:04 am whatsapp More From Our Partners Brave 7-Year-old Boy Swims an Hour to Rescue His Dad and Little Sistergoodnewsnetwork.orgSupermodel Anne Vyalitsyna claims income drop, pushes for child supportnypost.comNative American Tribe Gets Back Sacred Island Taken 160 Years Agogoodnewsnetwork.orgFlorida woman allegedly crashes children’s birthday party, rapes teennypost.comAstounding Fossil Discovery in California After Man Looks Closelygoodnewsnetwork.orgMark Eaton, former NBA All-Star, dead at 64nypost.comA ProPublica investigation has caused outrage in the U.S. this weekvaluewalk.comPolice Capture Elusive Tiger Poacher After 20 Years of Pursuing the Huntergoodnewsnetwork.orgRussell Wilson, AOC among many voicing support for Naomi Osakacbsnews.com Tags: NULL by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeMoneyPailShe Was A Star, Now She Works In ScottsdaleMoneyPailTotal PastThe Ingenious Reason There Are No Mosquitoes At Disney WorldTotal PastSerendipity TimesInside Coco Chanel’s Eerily Abandoned Mansion Frozen In TimeSerendipity TimesBrake For ItThe Most Worthless Cars Ever MadeBrake For ItBetterBe20 Stunning Female AthletesBetterBeMisterStoryWoman Files For Divorce After Seeing This Photo – Can You See Why?MisterStoryautooverload.comDeclassified Vietnam War Photos The Public Wasn’t Meant To Seeautooverload.comElite HeraldExperts Discover Girl Born From Two Different SpeciesElite HeraldLuxury SUVs | Search AdsThese Cars Are So Loaded It’s Hard to Believe They’re So CheapLuxury SUVs | Search Ads Sharecenter_img Oil giant BP is expected to reinstate its dividend when it unveils fourth quarter earnings on Tuesday, after it cancelled the payout at the height of the oil spill last summer.Analysts predict BP will announce a payout of seven cents a share for the quarter, down from the 14 cents/share dividend for the fourth quarter of 2009.“The key announcement for BP will be whether the company restores the dividend. We expect it will be able to do so, given robust cashflows and reasonable progress on the divestment plan,” Oswald Clint, oil analyst at Bernstein, said.BP’s fourth quarter earnings are expected to be “solid” despite the impact of the spill, Gordon Gray at Collins Stewart said. Show Comments ▼ whatsapp BP expected to restore dividend John Dunne last_img read more

iGB Diary: ‘Soft’ sites, DFS under fire, HMRC lurking and videobombing

first_img Topics: Casino & games Legal & compliance Marketing & affiliates People iGB Diary Poker iGB Diary: ‘Soft’ sites, DFS under fire, HMRC lurking and videobombing Happy Friday igamers! This week we predict further clampdowns on ‘soft’ gambling sites, ponder DFS’s unpopularity, consider whether the HMRC has a few poker sharks and giggle at a videobomber.Cute but deadly Think about platypuses. Absolutely adorable, right? Ridiculous animals, with their furry little bodies and duck bills. Well, they have poisonous elbows. Poison strong enough to kill a dog. Koalas? They carry chlamydia. What the Diary is getting at, in the clunkiest way possible, is that cute things can also be dangerous. It’s a lesson that can be applied to this industry as well. In many cases, it seems that the sites using the cutesiest imagery and claiming to offer the softest form of gambling tend to be the ones most likely to fall foul of regulators. A few years ago, ‘soft’ gambling sites would have been praised for appealing to broader demographics. But in the post-Trump, post-Brexit present, where everyone’s vaguely furious and slightly paranoid, these approaches are coming under increasing scrutiny, as can be seen from the Gambling Commission’s recently updated rules for operators. We must be closing in on the point that any mention of softer gambling will make a regulator’s ears prick up. It’s hard to shake the sense that the industry is back in the bad old days where everything an operator does is scrutinised and questioned, and the sooner some stakeholders realise this, the better.Everybody hates DFS DFS is the new poker. You heard it here first. Not in the sense that it’s a hugely popular pastime beloved of gamblers, sports fans and those that would traditionally be less keen on gambling. In the sense that everyone in the US wants to stop any business involved in it in recent years from getting a foothold in regulating markets. Disputes over DFS led to some vigorous finger-pointing at an AGA event last week, with DraftKings CEO Jason Robins and his William Hill US counterpart Joe Asher taking verbal pot shots at one another. Not to be outdone, an Illinois lawmaker has put forward a bad actor clause banning companies that were active in daily fantasy in the state after 2015 from obtaining a sports betting licence. Anyone who has followed the industry for a few years may be forgiven if they’ve heard this all before. Yet unlike poker, the DraftKings and FanDuels of the world have already made a smooth transition into real-money wagering in New Jersey and beyond. Things may feel similar, but it seems unlikely it’s going to be a long-running dispute.HMRC at the table? We all know HMRC has been on a bit of a rampage lately, hitting up contractors using dodgy tax avoidance schemes and demanding money going back 20 years. But it seems it is also keeping an eye up on the poker circuit. The most amusing part of the tale of the Revenue’s pursuit of convicted fraudster Adam Lulat’s poker winnings was its comment on its decision to confiscate his winnings to pay back debts incurred by a money-laundering scam he was previously jailed for. The usually serious HMRC commented that: “Lulat may have hoped that his win would go under the table, but once again we had an ace up our sleeve and it is HMRC cashing in his chips.” We wonder if HMRC has some keen poker players among its ranks. After all, one has to wonder exactly how it learned of Lulat’s post jail career change. Poker winnings aren’t taxable after all, so it wasn’t via his tax return. Big winners beware – if you’ve any old tax debts to settle you might suddenly find your payment timetable escalated as there may well be a tax inspector at your table.How I learned to stop worrying… We love a good videobomb here at iGB – one of our favourite examples comes from ABC27 news. What makes a truly beautiful videobomb, however, is when everyone involved is as oblivious to what is happening as the others. While rewatching our LAC coverage, we spotted a delegate who thought the conference wall behind us was the ideal spot to get that perfect conference snap.We hope the picture was everything his LinkedIn followers were hoping for.That’s it for this week. See you next week! Tags: Card Rooms and Poker Online Gambling Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Casino & gamescenter_img Happy Friday igamers! This week we predict further clampdowns on ‘soft’ gambling sites, ponder DFS’s unpopularity, consider whether the HMRC has a few poker sharks and giggle at a videobomber 5th April 2019 | By Joanne Christie AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter Email Addresslast_img read more

Presiding Bishop joins other Christian leaders opposing Trump’s proposed cuts…

first_imgPresiding Bishop joins other Christian leaders opposing Trump’s proposed cuts to social services Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Rector Belleville, IL Rector Washington, DC Featured Events Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI [Episcopal News Service] Presiding Bishop Michael Curry has added his signature to an open letter from a group of Christian leaders expressing concern over President Donald Trump’s proposed cuts to social welfare programs. In the Feb. 11 letter, Curry and 12 other members of the Circle of Protection, a coalition of leaders from various denominations and institutions, asked Trump and Congress “to maintain adequately funded safety net programs that provide help and opportunity for our most vulnerable neighbors.”The group took issue with proposals and policies from the administration intended to reduce the number of Americans relying on government assistance programs for low-income people. Among the proposals they singled out in the letter were changes to eligibility for food stamps and free or reduced-price school meals, work requirements for Medicaid, changes in how the poverty line is calculated and evictions of families with undocumented members from public housing.The coalition also criticized Trump’s proposed federal budget, released on Feb. 10, which The Washington Post reported “would pursue hundreds of billions of dollars in cuts to Medicaid and also seek reductions in the Children’s Health Insurance Program, while wringing some savings from Medicare despite Trump’s repeated promises to safeguard the program for older Americans.”“We support the goal of helping Americans move from poverty to financial independence,” the letter stated. “But some of the administration’s policy changes and proposed cuts in funding for low-income programs are likely to add to the hunger, poverty, and economic insecurity which are already far too widespread in our country.“We can do better,” the group wrote, citing Jesus’ mandate to care for the poor in Matthew 25:31-46, and invited Trump to respond to their concerns.Read the full letter here. Rector Albany, NY Curate Diocese of Nebraska Submit a Job Listing An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Director of Music Morristown, NJ Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Press Release Service Faith & Politics, Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Submit a Press Release Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Collierville, TN Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Rector Knoxville, TN The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Cathedral Dean Boise, ID New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Rector Pittsburgh, PA Rector Smithfield, NC Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Bath, NC Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Youth Minister Lorton, VA By ENS staffPosted Feb 21, 2020 Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Advocacy Peace & Justice, Ecumenical & Interreligious, Tags In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Presiding Bishop Michael Curry Rector Martinsville, VA Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Rector Shreveport, LA Donald Trump, Rector Hopkinsville, KY Submit an Event Listing The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Associate Rector Columbus, GA Rector Tampa, FL Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MSlast_img read more

Venados 22 House / estudio AM arquitectos

first_img “COPY” Projects ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/935535/venados-22-house-estudio-am-arquitectos Clipboard Venados 22 House / estudio AM arquitectosSave this projectSaveVenados 22 House / estudio AM arquitectos Photographs:  Santiago Heyser Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Manufacturers: AutoDesk, Enscape, BTicino, Cuprum, Helvex, Teka Save this picture!© Santiago Heyser+ 31Curated by Clara Ott Share Products translation missing: en-US.post.svg.material_description ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/935535/venados-22-house-estudio-am-arquitectos Clipboard Mexico Architects: estudio AM arquitectos Area Area of this architecture project Area:  370 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project 2019center_img Year:  Photographs Products used in this ProjectRenders / 3D AnimationEnscape3D Real-Time Rendering SoftwareDesign Team:Jonatan TorresCity:CancúnCountry:MexicoMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Santiago HeyserText description provided by the architects. The Venados 22 house is a sober sample of contrasts between blind canvases and rugged textures. On the exterior, this can be seen in the facades with blind chukum-plaster walls against carved and handcrafted walls of regional stone.Save this picture!© Santiago HeyserSave this picture!AxoSave this picture!© Santiago HeyserAccents of bare concrete are also present in structural elements and in the window frames, thus generating framed pictures with a vegetal background. The terrace and the garden revolve around a wooden deck over the black marble pool, inviting users to recreation and rest, with a waterfall that provides peace with its sound.Save this picture!© Santiago HeyserSave this picture!Floor Plan – Ground FloorSave this picture!© Santiago HeyserThe interior of the house includes an architectural program for a family of four, with a guest room on the ground floor and three bedrooms, a TV room and a play area on the top floor. Marble floors, panelings, and white walls help the elements of tzalam-wood to stand out with their warmth and natural tone. This architecture of straight lines and simple materials is a combination of function and design.Save this picture!© Santiago HeyserSave this picture!Longitudinal SectionSave this picture!© Santiago HeyserProject gallerySee allShow lessGarden Tennis Club of Cabourg / Lemoal Lemoal ArchitectesSelected ProjectsNew Entry of High School of Engineering and Management / A&F architectesSelected Projects Share Gerala Ángeles Cherit, Santiago Martín del Campo Houses CopyAbout this officeestudio AM arquitectosOfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesCancúnOn FacebookMexicoPublished on March 18, 2020Cite: “Venados 22 House / estudio AM arquitectos” [Casa Venados 22 / estudio AM arquitectos] 18 Mar 2020. ArchDaily. Accessed 10 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogBathroom AccessorieshansgroheBath & Shower ThermostatsGlass3MGlass Finish – FASARA™ NaturalPartitionsSkyfoldVertically Folding Operable Walls – Mirage®WindowsVitrocsaSliding Window – Mosquito NetSinksBradley Corporation USASinks – Verge LVG-SeriesMetal PanelsTrimoQbiss One in Equinix Data CentreSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Q-ClassMetal PanelsLongboard®Aluminum Battens – Link & Lock – 4″Sports ApplicationsPunto DesignPunto Fit in Ekaterinburg Public SpaceWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsKnobsKarcher DesignDoor Knob K390 (50)TablesVitsœ621 Side TableMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Venados 22 House / estudio AM arquitectos ArchDaily “COPY” CopyHouses•Cancún, Mexico Lead Architects: last_img read more

Mass outrage over cops’ near-lynching of Black autoworker in Detroit

first_imgSolidarity with Floyd Dent, April 1. WW photo: Martha GrevattDetroit — Millions of people around the United States have seen the video of the brutal beating and choking of Detroit resident Floyd Dent by police in nearby Inkster, Mich. A squad car’s dashboard camera documented the Jan. 28 assault and the video has since been widely viewed.After being pulled over for an alleged stop sign violation, Dent opened his car door and showed his hands. He was immediately dragged from his vehicle, punched, put in a headlock and tasered three times by police. Dent spent two days in the hospital with four broken ribs, a fractured left orbital and blood on the brain.Dent, a 37-year Ford worker and member of United Auto Workers Local 600, has mass support. Dozens packed the courtroom on April 1 when he pled not guilty to drug possession. After viewing the video, a judge had previously thrown out charges of assault and resisting arrest. Judge David Groner granted a two-week postponement for discovery purposes. Close to 100 supporters picketed the Inkster police station that afternoon.Dent’s attorney, Gregory Rohl, is still seeking the names of all the officers involved in the beating as well as the mug shot video that shows the extent of Dent’s injuries. Speaking to the media, Rohl challenged the police claim that crack cocaine was found in the vehicle. The video showed a police dog detecting nothing and the bag of “evidence” does not have Dent’s fingerprints. Dent also aced a polygraph.Several hundred people marched April 3 from the site of the beating to the police station. The march was called by the Michigan chapters of the National Action Network along with the Council on American-Islamic Relations and Take on Hate. Supporters included Detroit Black Lives Matter, the Moratorium NOW! Coalition, the Detroit Coalition Against Police Brutality, the Detroit Coalition of Black Trade Unionists, retired Rev. Ed Rowe of Central United Methodist Church, U.S. Rep. John Conyers Jr., former state Rep. Rashida Tlaib and several dozen UAW activists.The Detroit suburb of Inkster is nearly 75 percent African American. Over 80 percent of the police force is white, including the chief. With the exception of William Melendez, who is Latino, all of the cops at the scene of Dent’s beating were white.Melendez, who was seen punching Dent in the head at least 16 times, earned the nickname “Robocop” during his 16 years on the Detroit police force. By the time his scandal-ridden career there ended in 2009 over falsified reports, he had developed a reputation for wrongfully arresting people, planting fake evidence and lying under oath to cover up his misdeeds. He shot and killed Lou Adkins in 1996 and Ernest Crutchfield III in 2003, both unarmed. At one point, Robocop led the department in citizen complaints and lawsuits filed against an officer.In 2010, Inkster hired Melendez, fully aware of his record. Inkster police Chief Vicki Yost also came from the Detroit force. As partner of officer Eugene Brown when he murdered Lamar Grable in 1996, she testified on Brown’s behalf in a civil lawsuit. Despite this and other controversies, Yost moved up the ladder in Detroit but left in 2014 to become Inkster’s head cop. The protests have demanded that Robocop and Yost be fired.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

In the midst of COVID-19 crisis, sex workers need solidarity — WW interview

first_imgThe criminalization and stigmatization of sex work in the U.S. have always put sex workers at risk. Due to puritanical legislation such as FOSTA/SESTA and the new EARN IT Act, sex workers — many of whom are Black, Brown and/or transgender — have fallen victim to housing instability, severe poverty, lack of access to health care and violence. The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these obstacles for sex workers nationwide. In an interview with Allison James, a nonbinary sex worker, Doris Hiegl, a Workers World correspondent with the Philadelphia branch, learned of the plight of sex workers in the U.S. during this pandemic and how the movement can help.Workers World: How long have you been a sex worker?Allison James: I’ve been doing sex work for four years. I started out doing verbal domination for people. Full-service sex work was a week after because I was like, “Well, I can just do this all the way, right?” And so I’ve bobbed back in between domming, verbal sex work and stripping for about four years in varying degrees.WW: What is considered “full-service sex work”?AJ: Full-service sex work is considered any work that has sexual contact. There’s a lot of openness on the phrase. If you feel like you’re doing full-service sex work, then you’re probably doing full-service sex work. If you wanted a hard definition on that, it’s engaging in anything that would cause fluid emission.WW: What forms of sex work were you doing before the COVID-19 pandemic started?AJ: Stripping, some low-level domination, and I had just started out with sugaring clientele, which is a format of full-service sex work.WW: How has the pandemic specifically affected you as a sex worker?AJ: I haven’t had any work since March 16. My work is all contact work. A pandemic with a transmittal virus means that all-contact sex work isn’t allowed, and so it’s moved completely online. If I wanted to still make money doing sex work, that would be how I would do it, which requires an insane level of resources to even start that career. On top of that, creating clientele [on] that [platform] is really difficult.WW: The U.S. government is excluding sex workers from the small business bailout bill. How will this affect sex workers?AJ: Most sex workers are their own business. In the same way that I joke with people about having to work on my body and everything that I put [on] and use to create my body, the way that it is, my body is my job. Sex workers are a huge part of small businesses. Most sex workers are not just — not that it’s a bad thing to just be doing sex work — but a lot of them are using it as a jumping off place for their future careers. A lot of people are using it to build businesses.I know so many sex workers who have businesses that they are very legitimately supporting through sex work and/or are sex work-style businesses. Excluding people for their apparent sexual nature is puritanical and completely ridiculous. They’re also excluding people who sell sex toys — on the lowest level of what can be considered sexual labor. They’re doing this broad sweep based on what they think is allowed, not what the need is.WW: What demands would you like to raise? What aid do sex workers need right now?AJ: Oh my God. Give hookers money. Give hookers money. Find a way to put them inside. Give full-service street-level workers so much support right now. A ton of other workers: Yes, we lost our jobs. Yes, we lost our income. A lot of people are hurting, and it’s hard to pick who’s hurting the most, but it’s street-level workers. Get them help. They don’t have the ability to just take time off, and they just got hit by FOSTA/SESTA laws that shoved a lot of inside workers outside too. It changed the market. They don’t have an inside. A lot of full-service sex workers are homeless. [Many] are trans. They are very, very marginalized people who don’t have access to care and protection and to six feet of distance and nonfluid exchange. They were already hurting to begin with. We should be supporting hookers full-stop.Sex Workers Outreach Project-USA (SWOP) is the easiest way to get in contact with sex workers in need. They’re giving cash directly to full-service sex workers right now. There’s a chapter in almost every major city, and there’s quite a few in minor cities. A lot of them also do harm reduction. They’re a good place [to give] monetary support. You can also get in contact with them and see if you can distribute supplies, or you can offer and donate supplies like food, baby wipes, shoes, clothing [and] condoms.Lobby your senators. I’ve literally heard no non-sex workers talk about the EARN IT Act. Have you heard about that?WW: I haven’t.AJ: Ooo! Spicy! So, during the pandemic, the government is trying to push through a bill that would take away end-to-end encryption in text messages and emails, which means that they can read [everything]. Go sign the petition against it. (tinyurl.com/tkp7b5t) The only people I see talking about it are sex workers, because sex workers are going to get thrown in jail the second that comes into order. The rest of you are probably going to get your nudes seen by FBI Joe, but sex workers are going to die. That’s going on right now, while we’re all losing our jobs and have no way of contacting people. Lobby your senators.Also, self-educate. There’s so much information out there. You have access to a lot of information about sex workers, and I think the only people whom I see educating and really trying with these issues are sex workers, because we’re the ones it’s going to affect. But we’re the voice that’s not being listened to anyway. They don’t [care] about us.WW: Are there any other issues you would like to address in this interview?AJ: I see a lot of people taking information [from] and co-opting sex work styles and stuff and language and using the voices of sex workers and the information of sex workers and the art of sex workers, and literally everything that sex workers do — because it’s a huge group of people — to profit from that pain and that misery and all that sex workers have to go through. They just put it out in these think pieces that are like, “Oh, think about the sex workers.” And it doesn’t actually happen and the only people that are getting paid are the people who wrote the piece. I see a lot of that.I see a lot of people who tokenize sex workers. All work is part of capitalist exploitation. Sex work is no different. We’re not campaigning to be seen as better than other workers. We’re campaigning to just be seen as human and to be able to get workers’ rights, a union and some level of protection. That’s it. It’s not that huge of a difference [from other workers]. Like, if you’re going to lobby for McDonald’s workers, lobby for sex workers too. You can do both.WW: James has also requested that funds be sent to their CashApp account ($lunchmunny) as well as to the CashApp of one of their sex worker members ($dreadedjinx). They are distributing funds sent to these CashApp accounts to sex workers in need. Anyone who sends funds to these accounts must specify in a note whether it is for distribution or for the owner of the CashApp account. Please also be respectful and do not leave any sexual notes.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Justice for Ahmaud!

first_imgFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this On May 16, hundreds of people from Brunswick and Glynn Counties joined a car caravan filled with community members and activists from Atlanta to demand the removal of two local district attorneys. The DAs, Jackie Johnson and George Barnhill, had failed to press charges against the father-and-son duo of Gregory and Travis McMichael for the murder of Ahmaud Arbery.Brunswick, Ga., May 16.These two white men are residents of Satilla Shores, on the outskirts of the majority Black city of Brunswick. On Feb. 23, they armed themselves and, in a pickup truck, chased and killed Arbery, who was Black, as he was out jogging. Both DAs had access to a video showing the unprovoked and racist attack. When finally released to the public on April 5, the video enraged and motivated a global solidarity movement, #IRunWithMaud. In Brunswick, the rally took to the streets to call for justice for Ahmaud. Ongoing actions are planned to keep up the momentum throughout Georgia, as more and more information about the racist “good ol’ boy” behavior of the police and the DA’s offices is exposed.last_img read more

Journalist found dead in Maluku Islands, police urged to consider all hypotheses

first_img IndonesiaAsia – Pacific Help by sharing this information News IndonesiaAsia – Pacific August 21, 2020 Find out more Organisation News January 4, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Journalist found dead in Maluku Islands, police urged to consider all hypotheses November 19, 2020 Find out more News RSF_en center_img Follow the news on Indonesia On eve of the G20 Riyadh summit, RSF calls for public support to secure the release of jailed journalists in Saudi Arabia to go further News Reporters Without Borders is appalled by the death of Alfrets Mirulewan, the editor of Pelangi Weekly, a newspaper published in the eastern province of Maluku. His body was found on a beach on 17 December, three days after he disappeared while investigating illegal gasoline trading in the Maluku archipelago.Many of his colleagues believe he was killed in connection with his work. The police initially tried to pass off his death as accidental but, after an autopsy indicated he was the victim of violence, they now appear to be investigating the case properly.“We voice our entire support for Mirulewan’s family and colleagues,” Reporters Without Borders said. “We also note that, after an initially botched investigation, the authorities have taken the necessary steps to ensure that no hypotheses are ruled out, including the possibility that the murder was linked to the victim’s work as a journalist.”After the police investigating the case fabricated testimony to support the claim that his death was accidental, a government representative told the Indonesian Journalists Association on 23 December that the local police chief had been dismissed for conducting a “dishonest investigation.”Reporters Without Borders urges the central government to do whatever is necessary to protect witnesses who are liable to be threatened if they cooperate with investigators. It should not be forgotten that several witnesses to TV cameraman Ridwan Salamun’s murder in the Maluku Islands in August refused to cooperate with the authorities for fear of reprisals.According to the coordinator of the Maluku Media Centre, Mirulewan went missing on 14 December while trying to track down those involved in illegal trading in gasoline. His swollen body was found on a beach on Kisar Island, 600 km south of the provincial capital of Ambon, three days later.Two other Indonesian journalists died in suspicious circumstances in 2010 that have not been clarified. They were Ardiansyah Matra’is and Muhammad Syaifullah. Melanesia: Facebook algorithms censor article about press freedom in West Papua Receive email alerts Red alert for green journalism – 10 environmental reporters killed in five years August 12, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Press freedom groups call for lifting of Al Wasat suspension, as newspaper’s ban continues to 4th day

first_img Tenth anniversary of Bahraini blogger’s arrest June 8, 2017 Press freedom groups call for lifting of Al Wasat suspension, as newspaper’s ban continues to 4th day BahrainMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abuses October 14, 2020 Find out more RSF_en Top press freedom organisations and local Bahraini groups are among fifteen campaigners who today raised alarm over the suspension of Bahrain’s only independent newspaper, Al Wasat, which has been barred from publishing for four days now. The 15 rights groups which today wrote letters addressed to ten countries including the UK, state Bahrain is “effectively silencing the media in Bahrain and violating the right to freedom of expression.” to go further News Help by sharing this information Organisation News Receive email alerts The letters, signed by Reporters Without Borders, Committee to Protect Journalists, Article 19, Index on Censorship, Bahrain Institute for Rights and Democracy and ten others wrote to states urging them to “publicly call on the Government of Bahrain to allow Al Wasat to resume publication immediately.” The letter is addressed to the United Kingdom, United States, Germany, Italy and France – who all have embassies in Bahrain – as well as Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Finland and the European Union. The Ministry of Information Affairs suspended Al Wasat, the only independent newspaper in Bahrain, on 4 June 2017, effectively silencing the media in Bahrain and violating the right to freedom of expression. Al Wasat’s suspension is the latest in a recent spate of reprisals against independent media and civil society actors, including journalists, writers, and human rights defenders. The state-run Bahrain News Agency claims that the paper is “spreading what would stir divisions within the community and undermine the Kingdom of Bahrain’s relations with other countries.” Al Wasat was suspended due to the publication of an opinion article regarding widespread protests in Morocco, a source in the newspaper told BIRD. Politics in the region has developed quickly since the suspension of the newspaper. On Monday, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates closed diplomatic relations with neighbour Qatar and barred all air, sea and land travel. Yesterday, two Bahrainis were sentenced to death, bring the total up to 15 on death row.“We are deeply worried about the situation of press freedom in Bahrain” said Alexandra El Khazen, head of the Middle East desk at Reporters without borders (RSF). “Al Wasat was targeted several times in the past by authorities, and most recently in January 2017, because of its independent reporting. Its suspension threatens the future of independent journalism in the country, knowing that Bahrain is tightening its grip on the press, particularly on the international media”. Prior to the suspension of Al Wasat, Bahrain was already counted among the 20 most restrictive countries for press globally, with Reporters Without Borders ranking Bahrain as 164 out of 180 countries in its World Press Freedom Index. This is the latest in an escalated crackdown on independent civil society. On 23 May, Bahraini security forces raided the village of Duraz, killing five protesters and arrested 286. It is the deadliest incident since protests began in 2011. On 31 May, the last major opposition society, Wa’ad, was dissolved and their assets confiscated. Wa’ad is appealing the decision. The letter continues, “In this context, journalists in Bahrain have expressed to NGOs serious concerns that the newspaper will not be allowed to resume publication.” Al Wasat, established 2002, is the only independent newspaper in Bahrain. Its editor Mansoor Al-Jamri is winner of the CPJ International Press Freedom Award in 2011 and winner of the Peace Through Media Award 2012. It has been suspended in previous years, in April 2011 and August 2015. In January 2017, the newspaper’s website and social media were suspended for two days. it In 2011, Abdulkarim Al-Fakhrawi, one of the paper’s founders, was tortured to death in police custody. News News Follow the news on Bahrain BahrainMiddle East – North Africa Condemning abuses German spyware company FinFisher searched by public prosecutors June 15, 2020 Find out more March 17, 2021 Find out more Coronavirus “information heroes” – journalism that saves liveslast_img read more

Why Indian Law Schools Need To Adopt The Online Law Entrance Exam In 2020: The R(E)-Imagination Of The Law School Admissions Process

first_imgColumnsWhy Indian Law Schools Need To Adopt The Online Law Entrance Exam In 2020: The R(E)-Imagination Of The Law School Admissions Process Professor (Dr.) C.Raj Kumar & Professor Anand Prakash Mishra18 May 2020 7:28 AMShare This – xLaw school entrance examinations have been critical and fundamental to building a strong legal education system worldwide. India has over two dozen law school entrance tests, which are in addition to the option of admitting students on the basis of class 12 marks. Almost all leading law schools admit students through national level entrance examinations, which in India include, the…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginLaw school entrance examinations have been critical and fundamental to building a strong legal education system worldwide. India has over two dozen law school entrance tests, which are in addition to the option of admitting students on the basis of class 12 marks. Almost all leading law schools admit students through national level entrance examinations, which in India include, the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) of National Law Universities, All India Law Entrance Test (AILET) of National Law University Delhi, and the Law School Admission Test—India (LSAT—India) offered by the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) for Jindal Global Law School and other private law schools. Delhi University Entrance Test is another popular exam for its LLB 3-year program. In this paper, we advocate that India should adopt a common law entrance exam to be conducted in an Online AI-Enabled Remote-Proctored format for admission to law schools. We believe that this will signal a very important public policy response by the Indian law schools to the COVID-19 global pandemic crisis. This will enable the students who are aspiring to pursue legal studies to plan their educational future better. Indian law schools need to demonstrate leadership, innovation, initiative and proactive planning so that the current public health crisis does not develop into an educational planning crisis. COVID-19 and Law School Admissions in 2020 A “new normal” in law school admissions is emerging from COVID-19 pandemic-related social distancing and lockdowns. At this juncture, holding entrance examinations in the traditional manner of gathering thousands of students in one location would not only be a threat to public health and safety, but also a breach of governmental guidelines. The COVID-19 crisis has already led to the postponing of both CLAT and LSAT—India examinations. Leading entrance exams like JEE of IITs and most of the other law entrance examinations have also been either postponed or their status is unknown at this time. The year 2020 is indeed a difficult and a different year for admission to universities worldwide, as physically holding entrance examinations is becoming increasingly difficult, if not impossible. Science, public policy, and international practice inform that social distancing norms will likely continue to be applicable at least until the end of 2020. Under these circumstances, leaders of institutions are reimagining how to continue to offer higher education in new ways but still based upon the principles of freedom, innovation, flexibility and adaptability (FIFA). These principles should form the foundation for various policy changes that are hitherto unimaginable, but have, in this context become a necessary element to the very governance of universities. Law schools need to recognise that the same old norms and practices that were considered appropriate to admissions before COVID-19 cannot be applicable now, at least for the foreseeable future. A tectonic shift in the thinking needs to happen based on what’s in the best interest of students so that law schools are able to admit the 2020 cohort of law students. The Idea of an Independent Common Entrance Exam Separated from the Individual Law School The idea of a common entrance examination for admission to degree programmes in India is based on the belief that in addition to the qualifying examination (class 12 or UG degree as the case may be), there should be a common entrance examination to be taken by students who wish to apply for courses at higher education institutions. A common entrance exam is vital to create a level playing field on which the performance of all applicants can be assessed. There are numerous reasons for this including the fact that a fair process of equivalency in relation to the qualifying exams (class 12 board exams) cannot be established unless all aspiring students take the same entrance exam for admission to the law schools. A number of reports of the government, including the Justice Ahmadi Committee Report of 1994 and the 184th Report of the Law Commission of India on the legal education and professional training of lawyers, 2002 have clearly prescribed a national level entrance test to admit students in law schools and not to admit on the basis of qualifying examinations (class 12). In fact, the need for a common entrance examination is critical, as many students who aspire to study law or for that matter any discipline may not have a stellar academic performance in their qualifying examination. Most such qualifying examinations are based upon rote learning and do not necessarily test the suitability or otherwise of a student specifically in relation to higher education study. An entrance examination overcomes these challenges and creates a fair and inclusive process to select students into the law schools and other university programmes. However, the subject matter included in entrance examinations is a matter of high importance, particularly when it comes to admission to programmes like law, engineering and medicine. For example, while the knowledge of mathematics, usually a common subject matter in all entrance examinations, may be useful in the practice of law in some instances, it is difficult to make a case that these subjects are fundamental to the study of law. A practice common among higher education institutions in India is that the institutions themselves conduct entrance examinations, which are either indigenously developed or outsourced. This has been the case with many institutions, including a few leading law schools in India. To a certain extent, law schools find themselves well positioned when it comes to deciding the form and substance of entrance examination. However, as much as there is merit in individual practices, such approach is not superior over the standardised entrance examinations. That is to say not only is this practice not healthy and conducive for the conceptualisation of the entrance examination, it is also not the best way to assess students. Below, we submit five reasons supporting the idea of an independent common entrance examination separated from the law school.a. Entrance Exams Need Specialised and Multi-Domain Knowledge The formulation of entrance examination questions requires both specialised knowledge and multi-domain knowledge. It requires expert understanding of psychometrics as well as other fields of knowledge, which universities or law schools are not expected to have. There are scientific and evidence-based approaches that are involved in determining the suitability of each question asked in good entrance examinations. The language used, the answer choices for multiple choice questions, and the determination of the difficulty level of each question is commensurate with the type of students who will be taking the examination. This cannot be an activity in which questions are copied from other entrance examinations and used by an individual law school instead of generating its own unique entrance exam. Unfortunately, such practices exist in many law entrance exams.b. The Preparation for the Entrance Examinations is a Year-Long Activity There is a particular reason why the organisations, which are involved in preparing students for law school entrance examinations, conduct their work as a continuous and year long activity. The syllabus of many existing law entrance examinations generally makes it coachable, prompting rote learning by the aspirants. By contrast, an assessment designed using psychometric analysis and testing, with questions on reasoning and reading skills, assesses the skills students have learned over a lifetime to determine the likelihood of the students’ law school success, rather than just rote learning or memorization. Therefore, aptitude-based testing needs to be adopted by the law schools in India, instead of an examination that encourages coaching and rote learning of facts.c. Potential Conflict of Interest and Appearance of Impropriety When universities or law schools conduct their entrance exams independently, the trustworthiness of the entrance test is also challenged very often by unsuccessful students and their parents. A culture of mistrust and risk of corruption surrounding admissions process develops. The incentive to exercise some influence over the entrance examination and its outcomes is writ large when an institution is involved in designing and formulating the question paper, assessing and evaluating the answers and ultimately, selecting the students for admission to the law school. Where a neutral and independent professional agency conducts all of these things in relation to the law entrance examination, the above said issues are addressed within the objective and impartial framework that these agencies have created over time.d. Freedom for the Student from Taking Multiple Entrance Examinations A standardised test accepted by a large number of law schools or universities is always a preferred choice for students. However, the test should not be organised and administered by any one law school or a consortium of law schools in India, and instead should be designed and conducted by an independently established organisation that has technical and professional expertise to conduct such test. In a country with over 1,600 law schools, one cannot imagine a scenario whereby every college administers its own entrance examination. This would not be in the best interest of students or the legal education system as a whole. An independent entrance examination is not only a fairer measure of assessing students’ skills, but is a way to help students (and law schools) save time and money, while creating a national standard in accordance with national and internationally established good practices.e. Accountability is Strengthened with the Adoption of an Internationally Accepted Entrance Examination When an independent professional agency conducts the admission test, onus is on that organisation and its expert psychometricians to ensure sufficient research is done to create questions that are fair, valid, and reliable. This is unlike a university conducting a test where everything is done by its administration and faculty members who might not have the relevant expertise. An independent, professional organization can insure accountability for every question asked in the entrance exam. These testing practices have evolved over a period of time and there are specific qualifications, expertise and experience needed to be engaged in this effort. Responsibility to Formulate Questions and Administer the Exam In the Indian higher education system, universities or colleges have conducted entrance examinations for a long time. Central universities like the University of Delhi, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and Banaras Hindu University have conducted their own entrance tests. Sometimes universities or colleges also form consortiums and conduct entrance examinations for all member institutions (e.g., JEE of IITs, CAT of IIMs and CLAT of NLUs). The faculty resources in universities are meant to be used for academic and research purposes; they are not meant to be used for conducting entrance examinations. Internationally, admissions to the most prestigious institutions have been made through the entrance examinations conducted by independent organisations, be it the SAT or ACT at the undergraduate level, or GRE, GMAT or LSAT at the postgraduate level. Independent, professional, not-for-profit corporations, which have expertise and resources in testing and psychometric assessments, have been responsible for conducting entrance examinations: organisations like The College Board has administered the SAT since 1926, the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) has administered the GMAT for MBA admissions worldwide since 1953, and the Law School Admission Council (LSAC) has conducted LSAT examinations since 1947. The National Testing Agency (NTA) set up by Government of India is a move in a similar direction. The idea that individual universities must not devote their time and resources in conducting entrance examinations should be applied to Indian law schools. Responsibilities of setting the entrance test question paper, hiring examination halls, invigilation, evaluation, and declaration of results should be vested with the experts and independent organisations. Therefore, we must find an independent, trusted organisation with resources and expertise to deliver the high-stakes admission test for Indian law schools. The Effort to Identify an Appropriate Law School Admission Test? There are five criteria to identify the right admission test for law schools and they align with these standards: transparency, accessibility, efficiency, integrity, and safety. Transparency: Online tests being fully recorded and stored in the computer for each candidate have the highest degree of transparency. The public trust on an entrance examination is foundational to establish the credibility of the exam. This credibility is established when the standards of the exam is benchmarked with the global best practice to ensure transparency. Accessibility: An online exam is most accessible if one has a computer and a secure internet connection which the majority of students have as a part of their higher education learning. We need to create the necessary higher education ecosystem that makes this available for students. Efficiency: This is a very important factor for determining the appropriateness of a test. Efficiency of the test administration has a direct bearing on the ability of students to take the test and the institutional capacity of law schools to adopt the test for the purpose of admission. At this time when there is tremendous uncertainty about the schedule of the admissions process and the timeline of admitting students in law schools, an efficient law entrance examination will send the right signals to all stakeholders. Online exam is always more efficient as there is no transport of answer sheet and question papers to and from multiple cities. There is no waste of time in conduct of the test, its evaluation and declaration of results. Further, there is no human intervention possible in management of the exam and any issue of leak of question paper, etc. is not possible. Integrity: Integrity of the test is ensured by AI-enabled, remote-proctoring technology. High quality remote-proctoring ensures that violators of examination ethics and code of conduct, and those who deviate from protocols are immediately caught and stopped—they lose their examination. There are well established standards and globally recognised practices to ensure that the use of technology can reduce the risk of cheating and enhance the practice of integrity in the examination process. Safety: Safety of test takers is highest when they can take the test at home. Conducting an entrance test in the present format—the paper-pencil test—which requires gathering larger numbers of students and parents at one venue is a threat to individual and social safety in the context of COVID-19. At least in the foreseeable future, law enforcement officials and the government will not allow such a gathering. Even if such a possibility exists, the legitimate fears and concerns of students and their parents in relation to the inherent risks associated with the physical conduct of law entrance examinations will discourage students to take the exam in this manner. Exploring Alternatives for Admitting Students into Law Schools The COVID-19 situation has created a crisis in relation to the governance of universities and law schools in the world. India is no exception, although we tend to be much slower and less innovative in responding to this crisis. The law schools in India need to rise to the occasion to respond to this crisis. There is no doubt that conducting an entrance examination at this time poses huge challenges. In the face of such challenges, there is also an emerging view that we can altogether avoid entrance examinations for admission to law schools. Instead, can the law schools use the class 12 marks for admission to their institutions? This suggestion might have some logic and justification, if it is applied to all students coming from the same city or state for taking the class 12 examination under the same state board of examination. Even then, the class 12 marks alone do not fully capture the competencies and abilities of students aspiring to study law. Given the uncertainty and understandable anxiety in relation to the feasibility of conducting the law entrance exam in a physical manner and the reluctance to embrace and accept the AI-enabled remote proctored method of undertaking the law entrance exam, the idea of using the class 12 exam result for law school admission is gaining traction. However, this option is neither feasible nor desirable for the following reasons: 1. The leading law schools of India are premier institutions of higher learning and have to a large extent admitted students on the basis of national competitive entrance examinations. In this regard, the law schools have adopted the best practices of other professional disciplines in India such as medicine, engineering and architecture – all of which have an entrance exam. Using the class 12 exam results will go against the vision, mission, and reputation of these law schools. 2. India has over 20 higher secondary education boards, including the CBSE, ICSE, State Boards and even international boards like IB and CIE. Each board has a different examination pattern and marking standard. Establishing equivalence among these boards and their grading criteria and patterns is easier said than done. They are also at variance when it comes to the exam, grading structure and even the objectives of assessment. It is not fair to use one yardstick and develop any form of equivalency in developing a selection criterion for admission to law schools. Marking varies significantly in different boards. We have seen students securing 99% and even 100% marks in few board exams whereas some other board exams have toppers getting 90-95% marks. Entrance Test therefore, is the only way to provide the same yardstick to everyone. 3. The class 12 marks are not academic stream-neutral. That is to say, students of the PCBM (physics, chemistry, biology and maths) academic stream tend to get scores higher than those studying social sciences and humanities. This fails to create a level playing field as the grading patterns vary across different state boards as well. In fact, the idea of a common law entrance exam to select students to law schools in India is to precisely overcome these challenges of dealing with assessing equivalency of grades across subjects, boards, states and even schools, as there are also internal school given grades that get added to the overall scores obtained by the student. Towards Law Schools Adopting a Global Independent Test such as the LSAT—India In our view, all law schools in India and in particular the leading law schools of India must consider using LSAT—India. The LSAT—India was established by an independent, not-for-profit organization, the Law School Admission Council (LSAC), which was created by a coalition of the top law schools in the United States for the explicit purpose of levelling the playing field for law school applicants from different undergraduate institutions, different regions, different socioeconomic backgrounds, and different fields of study. The examinations designed and delivered by the LSAC are rigorously developed in consultation with law schools to assess the most important skills needed for success in legal education. The LSAT is scientifically proven to have a high correlation to students’ performance in law school. This will also ensure that Indian law schools will be relieved from the unnecessary burden of designing and formulating the law entrance exam question paper and also the unwarranted responsibility of conducting these exams across different cities in India. For more than 70 years, LSAC provided entrance tests for the students who seek admission to the world’s leading law schools such as Harvard Law School, Yale Law School, Stanford Law School, Cornell Law School, Columbia Law School, and Michigan Law School. The LSAT–India as a test for admitting students to law school fulfils all five standards: transparency, safety, accessibility, efficiency, and integrity. The New AI-Enabled, Remotely-Proctored Online LSAT—India 2020 Exam Necessity is the mother of all inventions. The COVID-19 pandemic has compelled us to follow public health and safety guidelines and protocols, including social distancing, wearing masks, etc. The situation is worsening with each passing day with nearly 1,00,000 cases in India as of 21 May 2020 and over 4.1 million cases worldwide. At this juncture, an online, AI-enabled remote-proctored examination appears to be the only way to organise entrance exams. LSAT—India has launched this exam this year with a lot of innovation and farsightedness, keeping in mind the best interests of students to take the entrance exam in safe and secure environs. Recently one of the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) (IIM Sambalpur) has announced that it will be the first IIM in the country to conduct the examination using the online proctoring system, where each student will be monitored and invigilated during the examination through an AI tool to ensure they do not receive any external help for writing their answers. The director of IIM expressed so much trust in the remote-proctored exam that he said that his institute is also planning to conduct all its examinations online henceforth even after the situation, caused by the lockdown in the wake of Covid pandemic, returns to normal. Further, the Universities Grants Commission (UGC) expert panel recommendation committee, in April 2020 submitted a report containing new and updated guidelines for university exams amid the coronavirus lockdown. The committee has recommended conducting the university exams including entrance tests through the online mode for 2020-21. On 17 May 2020, Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has further pushed for promotion of digital-education in India in a post-coronavirus era and announced ‘PM eVIDYA’ programme for multi-mode access to e-education under which top 100 universities would be permitted to start online courses by May 30 without seeking any fresh approval from the education regulators to offer online degree courses. In such an environment when the entire focus of the government and particularly the Ministry of HRD shifted to digital and e-learning, the future lies indeed in online and digital modes of testing for admission to law schools and universities. Decoding the AI-Enabled, Remote-Proctored Online Admission Test This is a technologically advanced admission solution that provides students a seamless way to move forward in their law school journeys by having available in one stop all they need to complete the admission process to the various programmes of their choice. The system records the candidate’s entire examination for review. This test implements a rigorous data forensics programme to identify and act on misconduct and other validity issues. If misconduct is detected, the examination is terminated. Artificial Intelligence helps ensure the transparency, efficiency, and integrity of the admission test process as AI-enabled testing requires candidates to complete a virtual self-check-in process, which includes enhanced identification and authentication. Only after successful validation will candidates be approved to take the test. With auto proctoring, candidates will be monitored live through their device’s webcam with the assistance of AI tools. This disruption will not only reduce the overhead on our faculty, but will also enable students to take this examination from the safety of their homes or elsewhere to complete the admission process in an efficient and timely manner. A SWOT Analysis of the Online LSAT—India Exam Strengths of the online LSAT are many. Amid the global pandemic, we have several reasons to rely upon an online examination instead of a paper-and-pencil test, as noted already. With this system, the students can appear for the tests by logging in through their laptop/desktop at their homes in different parts of the country. This system of conducting tests online allows more transparency in the process. Moreover, with the help of Artificial Intelligence (AI), there is no scope of human error in invigilation during the exam. Concerns around wastage of paper and handwriting will also be addressed. With this system, each student will be monitored and invigilated during the examination through an AI tool to ensure they do not receive any external help for writing their answers. The interface will also capture the retina movement of the prospective candidates. The exam disrupts even if an examinee attends a phone call. The only weakness of adopting an independent test for a university is the potential loss of revenue generated through a university-produced entrance test fee. However, universities and law schools will not have to incur any cost for question paper setting, hiring of examination halls in cities across India, sending faculty members as invigilators, and other costs associated with the conduct and evaluation of the examination. Most importantly, the faculty-time can be saved and utilized in more constructive ways. Another obstacle or threat could be in relation to the approval process of a new examination like the LSAT—India with the relevant authorities like the CLAT Committee or the authorities of the national law universities. Given the urgency of the matter and, importance of making LSAT—India available and accessible to all potential law aspirants of the country, a time-bound decision is needed.10. Revenue from the Law Entrance Test Fee Has Incentivised Law Schools to Conduct Separate Entrance Tests While some universities conduct entrance exams to earn revenue, we must strongly discourage this practice. Public universities must get their funding from the government and private universities should have their funds from endowments and student fees. Why should students be required to take school specific entrance tests, and parents pay for them, when instead we could offer a common test to achieve the same result at a fraction of the time and cost? We have seen many law schools and universities conducting a separate test despite a common national level test in place. Such a tendency must be discouraged. Not only are multiple entrance examinations an unnecessary stress point for students, but also an added economic burden, which is only further aggravated by the current crisis. A single, and centralized online examination (LSAT-India) will represent a united approach of Law Schools across India to support students alleviate their concerns regarding the commencement of their legal education to fulfil their aspirations of a legal career in times of uncertainty created by COVID-19. The Way Forward Further postponement of CLAT, AILET and other law school entrance exams in hopes of better days ahead will be an exercise in futility as there is no degree of certainty that the COVID-19 crisis will be better by July or August or September. Our goal and aspiration should be to admit students and commence our academic sessions on time while maintaining the integrity of the academic calendar in the best interests of our students. Therefore, all Indian law schools should seriously consider and decide to conduct the LSAT—India 2020 examination as an online, AI-enabled, and remote-proctored test for admitting law students this year. This will ensure that we are able to successfully complete our admission process and commence the new 2020 academic year on schedule. This could be in the best interest of thousands of law aspirants, their parents, and the law schools themselves. After this year, consideration should be given for continuing the LSAT-India or other independent common entrance exam.Views are personal only.(Professor (Dr.) C. Raj Kumar, a Rhodes Scholar is the Founding Vice Chancellor of O.P. Jindal Global University & Founding Dean of Jindal Global Law School,Professor Anand Prakash Mishra, who obtained his LL.B. and LL.M. degrees from the Campus Law Centre Faculty of Law, University of Delhi is the Director of Law Admissions at Jindal Global Law School at O.P. Jindal Global University)Click Here To Download PDF Format Of Article[View Article In PDF Format] Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. 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