Mangrove deforestation may be releasing more CO2 than Poland, study finds

first_imgA new study calculates that, worldwide, mangroves were storing 4.19 billion metric tons of carbon in 2012, representing a 2 percent loss since 2000. It estimates that number had dropped further to 4.16 billion metric tons by 2017.In total, the study estimates that this lost carbon translates to as much as 317 million tons of CO2 emissions per year, equivalent to the annual emissions of around 67.5 million passenger vehicles in the U.S. and more than the 2015 emissions of Poland.The researchers found Indonesia harbors the lion’s share of the world’s mangroves – around 30 percent – while also experiencing the biggest proportion of its 2000-2012 mangrove carbon loss, with deforestation there accounting for more than 48 percent of the global total. Other parts of Southeast Asia, such as Myanmar, are also undergoing high rates of mangrove deforestation, making the entire region a hotspot of global mangrove carbon loss.Previous research estimates that between 30 and 50 percent of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 50 years. Deforestation for shrimp, rice and palm oil are among the biggest drivers of mangrove decline. Seemingly nondescript messes of tangled branches and exposed roots, mangrove forests cling to the coasts of many tropical countries. However, mangroves are far from unexceptional, providing critical ecosystem services like erosion control, flood mitigation and nurseries for fish. Mangroves also store a lot of carbon, with a hectare of mangrove forest sequestering up to four times as much carbon as a similarly sized tract of rainforest.But mangroves are in trouble. Studies estimate between 30 and 50 percent of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 50 years as they are deforested for shrimp, rice and palm oil production, drowned by rising seas, and starved of freshwater by dam-building. And as mangroves disappear, so do their wildlife communities and carbon stores.But just how much carbon do mangroves contain, and how much is being lost to their deforestation? To find out, researchers at Salisbury University in the U.S. and National University of Singapore analyzed the carbon content of mangrove vegetation as well as the soil underneath it. Their results were published recently in Nature Climate Change.Mangrove trees are able to survive in environments that would kill most other vegetation.They discovered that, worldwide, mangroves were storing 4.19 billion metric tons of carbon in 2012. Most of this carbon – 70 percent – is locked up in the soil underlying mangroves while the remainder is contained within their living vegetation. The study lists Brazil, Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea as the world’s top mangrove carbon storehouses, comprising more than half of the total amount of global mangrove carbon.While 4.19 billion metric tons may sound like a lot of carbon, the researchers found that it’s about 2 percent less than the amount stored 12 years prior in 2000. In total, they estimate that this lost carbon translates to as much as 317 million tons of CO2 emissions per year. For perspective, this is equivalent to the annual emissions of around 67.5 million passenger vehicles in the U.S., according to EPA numbers, and more than the 2015 emissions of Poland, according to the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency.The researchers found that, globally, mangrove carbon losses were similar year-to-year between 2000 and 2012. They estimate that if mangrove deforestation rates continued at a similar rate after 2012, then by 2017 mangrove carbon should have dropped a further third of a percent to 4.16 billion metric tons.Mangroves support a high level of biodiversity, providing important habitat for both aquatic and terrestrial wildlife.In addition to estimating how much carbon mangrove deforestation released, the study also looked at the impact of this activity on the mangroves’ overall carbon-sequestering ability. They found that had no mangroves been deforested between 2000 and 2012, then they likely would have taken an additional 3.5 million to 4.5 million metric tons of carbon out of the atmosphere.Zooming in, the study found Indonesia harbors the lion’s share of the world’s mangroves – around 30 percent – while also experiencing the biggest proportion of its 2000-2012 mangrove carbon loss, with deforestation there accounting for more than 48 percent of the global total. Other parts of Southeast Asia, such as Myanmar, are also undergoing high rates of mangrove deforestation, making the entire region a hotspot of global mangrove carbon loss.The study singled out Indonesia as the country with both the most remaining mangroves and the the biggest mangrove carbon losses. Data source: Hansen/UMD/Google/USGS/NASA, accessed through Global Forest WatchThe researchers write that as disappearing carbon storage powerhouses, “mangroves are strong candidates for inclusion in nationally determined contributions (NDCs) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), and payments for ecosystem services (PES) programs that financially incentivize the conservation of forested carbon stocks.”However, they say that the emissions inventories and monitoring that are used to determine PES compliance require high-quality datasets that exceed their study’s 13-year period. To fill this gap, the researchers recommend more analyses of mangrove carbon stocks and losses, both to establish baselines further back in time – which, they write, are widely lacking for many tropical countries – as well as modeling what may happen in the future. Article published by Morgan Erickson-Davis Agriculture, Aquaculture, carbon, Carbon Dioxide, Climate Change, Coastal Ecosystems, Dams, Ecosystem Services, Ecosystem Services Payments, Environment, Fish, Forests, Global Warming, Mangroves, Oceans, Oil Palm, Palm Oil, Plantations, Rainforests, Research, Rice, Tropical Forests Citation:Hamilton, S. E., & Friess, D. A. (2018). Global carbon stocks and potential emissions due to mangrove deforestation from 2000 to 2012. Nature Climate Change, 1.FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the editor of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

150 years after being discovered, African monkey with handlebar moustache becomes its own species

first_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored An African monkey first described to science more than 150 years ago has now been elevated to full species status.The Blue Nile patas monkey is found in the Blue Nile basin of Ethiopia as well as in eastern Sudan. Its range is geographically distinct from that of other patas monkeys, as Sudan’s Sudd swamp region and the Ethiopian highlands isolate the Blue Nile patas in the extreme northeast end of patas monkeys’ known distribution range.Patas monkeys are ground-dwellers and the fastest runners amongst all primates, capable of reaching more than 30 miles per hour. They were, up until now, considered to be one species, Erythrocebus patas — the only species within the genus Erythrocebus. Or at least it was the only recognized species in the genus until Erythrocebus poliophaeus, the Blue Nile patas monkey, was recently elevated to full species status by Spartaco Gippoliti, a scientist with the IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group.The Blue Nile patas monkey has a black face and nose as well as a tuft of fur below its nose that looks distinctly like a white handlebar moustache. The species does not, however, have the band between ears and eyes that is characteristic of other patas monkeys.Gippoliti wrote in a recent study published in the journal Primate Conservation that “New data on the distribution and physical appearance of patas monkeys in Ethiopia, together with a review of the old taxonomic literature, allows to us disentangle some questions concerning the taxonomy of Erythrocebus in northeast Africa.”Adult male Blue Nile Patas Monkey (Erythrocebus poliophaeus), Beijing Zoo. Photo courtesy of Jonas Livet.The Blue Nile patas monkey was first described and given the name Erythrocebus poliophaeus in 1862. But a taxonomic revision of Erythrocebus was done in 1927, and it was erroneously determined at that time that the genus was monotypic, meaning it consisted of just one species.According to Gipolliti, “Given the huge distributional range of Erythrocebus, it seems unlikely that the current monotypic classification describes the diversity of the genus correctly, all the more since other savannah dwelling African primate genera, such as Papio and Chlorocebus, comprise multiple species.” Even in 1927, there were enough differences observed among various populations of patas monkeys that three subspecies were identified — and a fourth subspecies was added in 1950.In 2008, the IUCN assessed Erythrocebus patas as a monotypic genus with no subspecies and classified it as a species of Least Concern. This was “undoubtedly the result of the deficient current taxonomy, the ample geographic range and the scarcity of research,” Gippoliti writes in the study. “Further, savannah primate species are generally believed to be less at risk than forest primates, but this is clearly an oversimplification that may be encouraged by an excessively-lumped alpha taxonomy.”Gippoliti adds that, though the results are still unpublished, Erythrocebus patas was reassessed as Near Threatened by the IUCN in 2016. The conservation status of the three subspecies initially recognized in 1927 were also assessed, for the first time ever. Erythrocebus patas patas was found to be Near Threatened, E. baumstarki to be Critically Endangered, and E. pyrrhonotus to be Vulnerable.Blue Nile Patas Monkey (Erythrocebus poliophaeus). Illustration by Stephen NashGippoliti notes in the study that Erythrocebus poliophaeus is threatened by habitat loss, and that while we still know very little about the extent of its range, the species’ distribution is “certainly limited” and therefore “the species is a cause for conservation concern.” But Gippoliti also argues that, now that it’s been established as taxonomically distinct, the monkey could serve as something of a flagship species to help spur the conservation of the wildlands of Ethiopia and Sudan.“Refining the taxonomy of the patas monkey was particularly rewarding for two main reasons,” he said in a statement. “The basic concept of the genus Erythrocebus was unchanged for about 100 years now, and the discovery of a distinct species living in eastern Sudan and western Ethiopia will put in the spotlight a little-known region of Africa, offering opportunities for new conservation projects in the area.”Gippoliti detailed his findings in an issue of Primate Conservation published at the end of 2017. The Blue Nile patas monkey is just one of several discoveries reported in that issue. Among the others is Grove’s dwarf lemur, found in Madagascar, and two new species of tarsier found on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi.Anthony Rylands, primate conservation director for Global Wildlife Conservation, also serves as deputy chair of the IUCN SSC Primate Specialist Group, which publishes the journal Primate Conservation. He said in a statement that “Patas monkeys occur west to east across sub-Saharan Africa, and there is notable variation in these remarkable primates. It’s only through this kind of painstaking research that we get a proper handle on their diversity so that we can more effectively protect these species from the threats they face.”Adult male Blue Nile Patas Monkey (Erythrocebus poliophaeus), Beijing Zoo. Photo courtesy of Jonas Livet.CITATIONS• Gippoliti, S. (2017). On the Taxonomy of Erythrocebus with a Re-evaluation of Erythrocebus poliophaeus (Reichenbach, 1862) from the Blue Nile Region of Sudan and Ethiopia. Primate Conservation, 31, 53-59.• Kingdon, J., Butynski, T.M. & De Jong, Y. 2008. Erythrocebus patas. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2008: e.T8073A12884516. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T8073A12884516.en. Downloaded on 16 March 2018.Follow Mike Gaworecki on Twitter: @mikeg2001FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Animals, Conservation, Environment, Mammals, Monkeys, New Discovery, Primates, Rediscovered Species, Species Discovery, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation center_img Article published by Mike Gaworeckilast_img read more

ICC slams ‘disrespectful’ West Indies

first_imgDUBAI, United Arab Emirates (CMC):Cricket’s governing body, the International Cricket Council (ICC), blasted the West Indies cricket team for the behaviour of some of its players following the final of the Twenty20 World Cup in India earlier this month.In an unusual step yesterday, the ICC labelled the players’ behaviour as “inappropriate and disrespectful” and argued that it “brought the event into disrepute”.In a statement following a meeting of its board over the weekend, the ICC said it had even given “serious consideration” to bringing sanctions against the players.INAPPROPRIATE”The board considered the behaviour of some of the West Indies players in the immediate aftermath of the final and unanimously agreed that certain comments and actions were inappropriate, disrespectful, and brought the event into disrepute,” the governing body said.”The board acknowledged an apology by the WICB but was disappointed to note that such behaviour had detracted from the success of what was otherwise a magnificent tournament and final.”West Indies beat England by four wickets in a dramatic final over in Kolkata to win their second Twenty20 World Cup, following their triumph four years ago in Sri Lanka.Many of the Caribbean players celebrated wildly afterwards, with some removing their shirts as they danced in delight.West Indies captain Darren Sammy also stunned many by openly criticising the West Indies Cricket Board (WICB) during the official post-game interview and highlighting the players’ ongoing pay dispute, which had marred the build-up to the tournament.Man-of-the-Match Marlon Samuels was also fined for his verbal tirade against bowler Ben Stokes during the final over of the game.While not specifying exactly what behaviour the ICC found offensive, the ICC chairman, Shashank Manohar, said the Windies players actions were not “acceptable conduct” for ICC events.”The sport of cricket is proud of its unique spirit and this involves being gracious in victory as well as defeat and respectful at all times to the game, one’s opponents, the sponsors and the fans,” Manohar said.”The Board also noted that very serious consideration had been given to bringing Code of Conduct charges in respect of the behaviour of the West Indies players and emphasised that this was not acceptable conduct at ICC events played out on a world stage in front of millions of people around the globe.”Following Sammy’s interview, WICB president Dave Cameron also tendered an apology for what the board deemed to be his “inappropriate” comments and promised to investigate.last_img read more

Oil refinery ‘will save SA billions’

first_img Source: BuaNews 18 October 2010 The proposed Mthombo crude oil refinery will help South Africa escape from the “dependency trap” of having to import refined automotive products, ultimately saving the country billions of rands, says President Jacob Zuma. At the same time, the refinery, to be built at the Coega Industrial Development Zone near Port Elizabeth in the Eastern Cape, would showcase South Africa’s competitive ability to its counterparts globally. Construction on the refinery, which will be the biggest in Africa, is expected to start in 2012, which would bring the refinery on stream by 2015. The US$11-billion refinery, which would have a 400 000 barrel a day capacity, is meant to ensure security of fuel supply in South Africa. The country is currently dependent on international oil companies to provide for its liquid fuel energy needs. “With Project Mthombo, this country stands to save an estimated R12.6-billion a year in energy costs once the refinery is running, and could export oil across Africa,” Zuma said last week. Zuma was speaking during a visit to PetroSA’s gas-to-liquid refinery in Mossel Bay in the Western Cape. The visit by Zuma and Energy Minister Dipuo Peters was to obtain a first-hand account of PetroSA’s operations, his office said. “We welcome the fact that PetroSA is making its impact, not only in job creation but in empowering the people as well. It employs close to 2 000 people, while 27 500 more will be absorbed within the crude oil refinery that is planned,” Zuma said. Zuma welcomed the impressive growth of PetroSA following its successful merger of Mossgas, Soekor and parts of the Strategic Fuel Fund in 2002. PetroSA is reaching markets in Europe, the United States, Caribbean, Middle East and Far East, which Zuma said was an important achievement. He also commended the National Oil Company for the role it was playing in reducing the country’s dependence on imported refined fuel. last_img read more

Best Young Farmers/Ranchers-5

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Dan MillerProgressive Farmer Senior EditorBobby Morris heads out early on hot and humid Louisiana summer mornings to inspect his sugarcane fields. You can hear the cane growing, he says, more than an inch per day as its sword-shaped leaves rise toward 14 feet.Morris Farms Partnership tends 3,200 acres of sugarcane in soils from heavy clays to sand, much of it within a baseball throw of Port Allen, one of Louisiana’s huge Mississippi River levees. Sugarcane is this state’s No. 1 crop and has been tended for more than 200 years. It grows today on 400,000 acres in 22 parishes and spins off $2 billion a year to cane growers and raw sugar factories.ONE FARM, ONE CROPIf there is cushion gained from harvesting multiple crops, Morris Farms thrives or dies on decisions made about managing this single crop.Morris’s farm’s acreage has doubled twice. “Each time we acquired more acreage, drainage, grass pressure and yields were all well below our standards,” he says. “With sugarcane being a ratoon crop, these key problems took years to rectify. But, I can say our yields have steadily increased on the new land.”Cane was first produced on Morris Farms in the mid-1980s, and Morris, a fourth-generation farmer, took over the farm from his parents six years ago. It takes a certain flow to produce sugarcane, Morris says. “You have to have a pretty sharp mind to keep everything flowing. It’s all about the flow.” One step leads to the next. An entire year’s planning focuses on moving 7-inch lengths of cut sugarcane to the mill at Alma Plantation, in Lakeland, Louisiana.Planting for next year’s crop begins about the first week of August (the crop planted this coming August won’t be harvested until 2020). Morris’s cane fields are planted by hand, whole stalks laid into furrows opened in laser-leveled fields. One crew plants up to 7 acres per day. Morris runs seven crews.Sugarcane seed is sourced from other fields on Morris Farms. One acre of cane seed plants 7 acres of cane. New plantings will be harvested every year for three to four years. “Once it is planted, you are married to it,” Morris says. An acre costs $1,200 to $1,500 to plant. “You are pretty much putting all your eggs into one basket.”Harvest begins in late September. Once that starting gate opens, harvest moves forward every day until early January. “Mud, rain, snow, sleet: We don’t stop harvesting,” Morris says. His quota with Alma Plantation last year was 80,000 tons. He delivered 35 to 40 semitrailer loads per day, 25 tons per load.STREAMLINE STRATEGYMorris always hunts for better ways to manage sugarcane and meet his income projections. He participates in the American Sugar Cane League Secondary Station Program. This gives Morris Farms early access to new varieties of sugarcane.“Yes, it means that we take a bigger risk with some of our acres, but the rewards outweigh the risks,” he says.“Typically, the new, experimental varieties we grow on our farm produce higher yields and perform better than varieties available to other farmers.” Morris Farms is a high-yielding sugarcane producer.Morris pays close attention to the efficiency of his equipment line. “To improve our time management and efficiency, we have learned it is imperative to have up-to-date and reliable equipment,” he says. He plans to replace his equipment every four to five years.The farm has added GPS mapping and laser grading. “Implementing GPS mapping gives us the means to efficiently and accurately apply chemicals, and allows us to be more accurate when we report acreage to the sugar mills,” he says.ELIMINATING ENEMIESThe laser grading created larger, farmable blocks. Larger blocks offer improved drainage and reduced costs, and result in better weed management. Fewer ditches mean fewer grass-infested ditches. Weed control in a cane field is labor intensive.“Sugarcane is not a Roundup Ready crop,” Morris says. “We have found that eliminating the enemies of sugarcane, johnson- and bermudagrasses, involves spraying Roundup with the use of backpack sprayers and cotton gloves soaked in Roundup.”It’s a practice that has worked. “We no longer need to blanket-spray our crop. This, in turn, has saved us on chemical, labor and fuel costs,” he says.“My adrenaline gets pumping when I look across the fields and see the tractors moving and the dirt turning,” Morris says. “It’s that passion that gets me going in the morning, working through the day and awake at night. We only have 100 days to get our crop out of the fields during sugarcane-grinding season. There is no storing the crop in the field. When it’s time to harvest, it’s go time, and I love every minute of it.”Dan Miller can be reached at dan.miller@dtn.comFollow him on Twitter @DMillerPF**Editor’s Note: This is the fifth and last of the profiles of our ninth class of DTN/The Progressive Farmer’s America’s Best Young Farmers and Ranchers. They represent the future of agriculture through their sense of tradition, use of new technology and business acumen.To see videos of all the 2019 winners, and for an application for next year, see https://spotlights.dtnpf.com/…(ES/AG)© Copyright 2019 DTN/The Progressive Farmer. All rights reserved.last_img read more

Grow Your Own Green … Insulation, That Is

first_img Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. You can follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard. At first they used grants and the winnings from competitions to finance the company. One of those competitions was the Postcode Lottery Green Challenge, which gives a huge chunk of money (~$700,000) to the business with the best idea for reducing CO2 emissions. They entered in 2008 and won. RELATED ARTICLES Alternative WallsStraw-Bale WallsNatural Building In NicaraguaThe Natural Building MovementGBA Encyclopedia: Insulation OverviewGBA Encyclopedia: Insulating Roofs, Walls, and FloorsGBA Encyclopedia: Insulation Choices Rather than blowing agents, this insulation uses growing agents. It’s natural. It’s made with agricultural waste and fungi. You can grow it in place. No hydrocarbons are involved, and it yields little to no toxic waste. Compared to most other insulation materials, it takes little energy to make the stuff (low embodied energy). Indoor air quality is likely to be better, too.Wow! If you’re looking for a super green insulation, mushroom insulation could be for you… if you can wait a bit longer. Mushroom insulation sprouts in New YorkThey decided that using their materials as a replacement for packaging was the most marketable direction to go, so mushroom insulation got put on hold for a while. They’ve since picked it back up, and their focus has been on building tiny houses and growing the insulation in the assemblies. They’ve got a nice blog about the project, and it’s called — you guessed it — Mushroom Tiny House. One of the things you’ll find there is a nice little video explaining how they make insulation from mushrooms.I recently spoke with Sam Harrington of Ecovative Design, the company started by Bayer and McIntyre, and got the scoop on where they’re going with this. The plan at first is to grow insulation that can be used in board form and as structural insulated panels (SIPs). The mushroom tiny house is basically a grown-in-place SIP.Harrington said they’re benchmarking their product against extruded polystyrene (XPS). The advantages are that it uses natural materials, doesn’t have the global warming issues associated with the blowing agents in foam insulation, and has much lower embodied energy. The main drawback is the lower R-value. XPS is about 5 per inch, and mushroom insulation ranges from 1.8 to 4 per inch, with the typical material coming in at about 3 per inch. That means that your walls are going to have to be thicker with mushroom insulation. How mushroom materials science got its startI first heard about this a while back when I saw a TED Talk by Eben Bayer, Are mushrooms the new plastic? While studying engineering at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Bayer and his classmate, Gavin McIntyre, came up with the idea of using mycelium, the white vegetative strands of fungus you find under logs, to grow materials that could replace plastics.They’ve gotten a lot of great media coverage, and I recently read a really nice article in the New Yorker about them. According to that piece, the two young engineers worked on developing their idea in their senior year at RPI and then took it full time into a business incubator upon graduation. The challenges were numerous, as they experimented with different varieties of mycelium and substrates. But, along with starting a few fires in their lab, they persisted and promoted and had some good help from advisers who saw the potential of their idea. Mushroom insulation and indoor air qualityTheir longer-term plans include using it to replace as many environmentally-harmful materials as possible: plastic foam, acoustical tiles, medium density fiberboard (MDF), particle board, adhesive, and engineered wood. One advantage of their materials is that the mycelium is their adhesive, so they don’t have to use the stuff with nasty volatile organic compounds (VOCs). That means better indoor air quality.But wait, I hear you asking, what about the IAQ problems of having fungus and spores and who knows what from the oat hulls and wheat chaff substrate? Ah, but there are no spores. They’re using mycelium only. And although they call it mushroom insulation, you’ll see no mushrooms sprouting from the walls. The substrates used as the filler material that the mycelium feeds on and weaves together are sterilized to prevent other organisms from growing. Then, once the mushroom insulation has finished growing, they hit it with steam to stop the growth. Get ready for mushroom insulationNone of the mushroom insulation products is ready for market yet. If you’re an early adopter, Ecovative Design is taking pre-orders. (According to their blog, the cost is about $0.66 per board foot.) To get shipments of mushroom board insulation, SIPs, or the other materials they’re working on, you’ll need to wait a while longer.When their building products enter the market, I hope they can scale it up so that the cost is competitive with the other materials out there. It’s also going to be important for them to do enough R&D to reduce the number and severity of problems that new products so often have.Yeah, it’s still fairly early in the development of mushroom insulation, but I’m excited to see this material getting ready to enter the building products market. When it does, it may well be the greenest insulation available.last_img read more

2-part Financial Statements webinar series in April

first_imgThe Personal Finance group will offer a two-part webinar series in April with Dr. Michael Gutter as speaker. On Monday, April 15, Dr. Gutter will present Financial Statements and Record-Keeping. This 90-minute session will cover building skills and confidence to help service members to access timely, accurate, and trustworthy information about creating financial statements and record-keeping.On Monday, April 22, Dr. Gutter’s presentation, Financial Ratio and SWOT Analysis will focus on building skills and confidence to help service members to access timely, accurate, and trustworthy information about assessing their financial position and making strategic cash flow decisions. This post was published on the Military Families Learning Network Blog on March 15, 2013.last_img

Interview: Building Capacity in New Mexico, General Kenneth Nava

first_imgIf you are working with an organization that would like to learn more about supporting this effort to build capacity in New Mexico and support the service members and families, contact Susie Galea, Building Healthy Military Communities state coordinator, at susie.a.galea.ctr@mail.mil.To contact the Department of Veteran Services, visit their website. This week we had the opportunity to interview Deputy Adjutant General for New Mexico National Guard, Brigadier General Kenneth Nava. We discussed his efforts to build capacity across the state to provide support for NM service members. Brigadier General Kenneth A. Nava serves as the Assistant Adjutant General – Army and Deputy Adjutant General for the State of New Mexico.  In addition to overseeing all Army National Guard matters in New Mexico, his responsibilities include serving as the principal liaison to senior military officials, various state and federal officials, the legislature, local governments, and community groups. General Nava provides overall guidance and direction for state operations including business administration and facilities management.  General Nava assumes full responsibility for the Adjutant General in his absence of more than 4,000 soldiers / airmen assigned to the State and in excess of $96 million dollars of Federal and State funding. The MFLN Community Capacity Building team would like to thank General Nava for taking the time to discuss his work in New Mexico, it has been very informational for others working to build capacity in their communities. last_img read more

Harris scores 23 points as Nuggets beat Knicks

first_imgNew York Knicks guard Courtney Lee, left, stops Denver Nuggets guard Gary Harris as he drives to the basket in the second half of an NBA basketball game Thursday, Jan. 25, 2018, in Denver. (AP Photo/David Zalubowski)DENVER — Gary Harris gave his bruised right foot a final test during pregame warmups and determined it was good enough to go.Then he proved it.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC “Once you hit your first few shots you can kind of tell how your body is feeling, especially with the flow of the game,” Harris said. “You just figure out where you’re going to get your shots and once you get them, you’ve just got to knock them down.”Denver shot 60 percent from the field to New York’s 55 percent, ending a streak of eight games in which the Nuggets had been outshot by the opposition.“Guys made their shots,” Nuggets coach Michael Malone said. “The other thing we’ve been stressing is less play calling, more freedom of movement, more pace and just be hard to guard, like we were last year. It was pace and it was movement and it was a night where we finally made some shots consistently.”Kristaps Porzingis, back after missing Tuesday’s loss at Golden State with a sore knee, and Michael Beasley each scored 21 points for the Knicks. Enes Kanter had 20 and Trey Burke 18.Trailing by 13 at the half, the Knicks cut it to 99-92 heading into the final period after Burke connected on a fadeaway shot.ADVERTISEMENT Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Read Next Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH LATEST STORIES MOST READ View comments Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Harris scored 23 points, Trey Lyles had 21 and the Denver Nuggets beat the New York Knicks 130-118 on Thursday night.“I felt good right before the game so I went out there and gave it a go,” said Harris, who tweaked the foot last Friday against Phoenix and aggravated the injury Monday night against Portland.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutJamal Murray and Nikola Jokic added 18 points apiece for the Nuggets, who defeated the Knicks for the 10th time in a row in Denver. New York hasn’t won in the Mile High City since 2006.Seven Nuggets scored in double figures. Denver hit 14 of 28 3-pointers led by Harris, who connected on four of his six shots from beyond the arc.center_img Nuggets: Host Dallas on Monday night. The Nuggets, though, scored 10 straight points to start the fourth quarter, including 3-pointers by Will Barton and Lyles to rebuild Denver’s lead to 109-92.New York put together a 9-0 burst to pull to 114-106 but Porzingis fouled out with just under 5 minutes remaining and Murray drained a key 3-pointer with 2:41 remaining to put the Nuggets back up by 11 points. Harris added a jumper a little more than a minute later to quash the Knicks’ comeback bid.“Without him out there, that takes away a little bit of a weapon,” Knicks coach Jeff Hornacek said of losing Porzingis. “You can short roll him and he can make a mid-range shot, which he just did right before he fouled out, or he can space out for 3. Offensively, they were fine. Thirty-two assists, they moved the ball and guys did a good job that way. But defensively is where it wasn’t very good.”Porzingis said the Nuggets exerted pressure on the Knicks from the start.“First quarter, 39 points. That’s way too many,” he said. “They shot the ball great. Part of it is our defense and part of it is just them having a really good night. We did a better job in the second half, but it still wasn’t enough.”The Nuggets had their highest point total in a half this season, leading by as many as 18 points before settling for a 73-60 advantage at the break. Harris scored 18 points during the first two periods.TIP-INSKnicks: C Joakim Noah was not with the team, having been excused for personal reasons. He’s expected to miss two games. … F Kyle O’Quinn was held out of the game because of a bruised left calf. … G Tim Hardaway Jr. was inactive after recently returning from a leg injury.Nuggets: F Kenneth Faried missed a second consecutive game with left ankle soreness. … The 39-point first quarter matched a season high for the opening period. Denver also had a 39-point first quarter against Orlando on Nov. 11.HOME STREAKThe Nuggets’ home winning streak against the Knicks is their second-longest against an opponent. Denver has won its last 11 at home against the Chicago Bulls.UP NEXTKnicks: Visit Phoenix on Friday to complete a season-high, seven-game road trip. NCAA volleyball: Arellano shuts down San Beda, earns semis berth Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena sting John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games PLAY LIST 00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:27Filipino athletes get grand send-off ahead of SEA Games00:50Trending Articles01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon Citylast_img read more

Asian Games Boxing: Vijender in semis, Amandeep in quarters

first_imgWorld number one Vijender Singh (75kg) out-slugged Korea’s Deokjin Cho to enter the semifinals and assure himself of at least a bronze medal in the boxing competition of the Asian Games in Guangzhou on Saturday.The 25-year-old Olympic and World Championship bronze-medallist got the better of Cho 13-2 in a one-sided contest at the Foshan Gymnasium here to take the total number of Indian boxers in semifinals to three — the other two being Dinesh Kumar (81kg) and Paramjeet Samota (+91kg).The dashing Haryana-pugilist, who won a bronze in the previous Asian Games in Doha, will now face Mohammad Sattapour of Iran in the semifinals.Earlier in the day, Amandeep Singh blanked Pakistan’s Muhammad Waseem to make the light flyweight 49kg quarterfinals. The Commonwealth Games bronze medallist will face Filipino Iii Victorio Saludar in the last-eight stage.Vijender, who had disappointingly settled for a bronze in the Delhi Commonwealth Games last month, took advantage of his long reach and imposing built against a rival who struggled to match his speed and power.His deft footwork helped Vijender dodge several of Cho’s attacking attempts and the Korean found it hard to respond to the counter-attacks that the Indian launched.Leading 3-0 after the opening three minutes, Vijender also benefitted from the desperation shown by Cho.The Korean ended up hitting Vijender below the waistline during one of his attempted attacks, inviting a warning which added two points to the Indian’s tally.Vijender too received a warning for clinching Cho in the eventful second round during which the Korean was also thrown off balance by one of the world number one’s power-packed hooks.advertisementThe third round was a similar story of domination by Vijender, who daringly kept his guard low after building up a sizeable lead in the bout.With inputs from PTIlast_img read more