Protection after early flu shots likely to last all season

first_img National retail pharmacy chains such as Walgreens and CVS started offering seasonal flu vaccine in their stores on Sep 1. Seasonal flu vaccine campaigns don’t usually begin until October. See also: Seasonal flu vaccines are given each year because the viruses change, not because people have lost their antibody protection, he said. For example, he said some people who received the 1976 swine flu vaccine still show some evidence of immune system priming. When the novel H1N1 virus emerged in the spring, pharmaceutical companies announced they would speed production of the seasonal shots to free up manufacturing capacity for the pandemic vaccine. Public health officials, anticipating the complex task of rolling out two flu vaccine campaigns this fall, have urged people to get the seasonal vaccine early to free up clinics to offer the pandemic H1N1 starting in mid October, when it is expected in large quantities. Meanwhile, seasonal flu vaccine campaigns are continuing in the United States, though several Canadian provinces have decided to postpone the seasonal shots except for seniors and those who have high-risk health conditions. Those decisions were based mainly on an unpublished Canadian study suggesting that people who received seasonal flu shots last season had a higher risk of pandemic H1N1 infection—a phenomenon that the CDC and World Health Organization have not confirmed. Fiore said there’s no evidence base to suggest that waning immunity after vaccination during the flu season is a problem. He added that flu experts also believe cell-mediated immunity, which is difficult to measure, may also play a role in long-term protection. Skowronski DM, Tweed SA, De Serres G. Rapid decline of influenza vaccine—induced antibody in the elderly: is it real, or is it relevant? J Infect Dis 2008 Feb 15;197(4):490-502 [Full text] Experts also say the ebb and flow of seasonal flu this year can’t be predicted. Thomas Frieden, MD, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said at a Sep 25 press conference that though the United States seems to be well into a new wave of pandemic H1N1 activity, officials aren’t sure if the flu season will peak early and then decline for the rest of the fall and winter or if seasonal viruses will circulate at their normal times. He said the CDC isn’t telling groups who usually plan to do their mid October seasonal flu vaccine clinics to move the dates up. “But the vaccine is here earlier and in large quantities, so there’s no reason to wait.” “There’s no full agreement in the clinical world when the best time to vaccinate is. It’s a clinical management issue,” Fiore said.center_img Anthony Fiore, MD, MPH, a medical epidemiologist in the CDC’s Influenza Division, told CIDRAP News that there are no long-term data on how long protection lasts in younger populations. Though antibodies decline in the months following seasonal vaccination, it’s not clear if the drop has any link to vaccine efficacy. Frieden urged the public to take advantage of the early availability of the seasonal vaccine. “It’s in large numbers. More than 50 million doses are in the system,” he said. “That’s more at this stage of the year than any previous year.” The US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) has said it expects 116 million doses of the seasonal flu vaccine to be distributed to clinics and immunization sites. However, vaccine distribution problems have led to shortages in some parts of the country. Sep 24 CIDRAP News story “Unpublished Canadian data on seasonal flu shots and H1N1 stir concern” Although this flu season may well be unusual because of the H1N1 virus, seasonal flu typically peaks in February or even later—more than 4 months from now. This has prompted questions as to whether the protection conferred by a flu shot received now will last through the season. Sep 29, 2009 (CIDRAP News) – The current public health advice that Americans should get their seasonal flu shots early this year has prompted some to voice concern that their protection will fade later in the season. But medical literature and disease experts indicate there is no good evidence that immunity conferred by the shots wanes so quickly. A February 2008 review of 14 studies on antibody persistence found no age-related declines in protection 4 or more months after flu vaccination. The authors noted that in the past, public health messages have raised unfounded concerns about waning protection over a season in elderly people who get flu shots. “Given the implications for the timing of seasonal and pandemic influenza immunization programs, historic statements expressing these concerns should be reconsidered,” they wrote. Sep 25 unedited CDC telebriefing transcriptlast_img read more

Georginio Wijnaldum: United Newcastle can win most Premier League games

first_imgMidfielder Georginio Wijnaldum is convinced Newcastle can beat almost anyone if they play as a team. Press Association The 25-year-old Holland international played the starring role in the 2-0 victory over Liverpool on December 6 which launched the three-game unbeaten Barclays Premier League run the Magpies will take into the Boxing Day clash with Everton at St James’ Park. Steve McClaren’s men were denied a third successive win by struggling Aston Villa, who left Tyneside with a 1-1 draw last Saturday evening, but Wijnaldum is confident the penny had dropped inside the dressing room. center_img He said: “If we play as a team and fight hard and play our football where it’s possible, we can win most games in the Premier League. That includes Everton, although it will be a difficult match. “Everton are better than Aston Villa and have a lot of good players, so it will be tough, but if we do it as a team, anything is possible.” Back-to-back victories over the Reds and away at Tottenham eased Newcastle out of the relegation zone, but with Norwich and Bournemouth in particular also enjoying notable successes in recent weeks, they remain too close for comfort to the bottom three. In the circumstances, a home draw with rock-bottom Villa came as something of a disappointment, although like McClaren, the players have been able to look at the bigger picture since the game. Wijnaldum said: “If you’d said that we would beat Liverpool and Tottenham at the beginning of that run, people would have said you were crazy. We have to be happy after the results in the last three games. It’s good for us. “That said, we were disappointed not to beat Aston Villa and make it three wins. I was disappointed because I thought we had the chance to win the game. We fought to win it, but missed out. “But that’s football – sometimes you will miss chances and sometimes you will score. Sometimes you will miss easy chances, then score the difficult ones.” McClaren is looking for his players to respond once again to ensure that the recent improvement does not prove to be another false dawn. The 54-year-old said: “We’ve had this two or three times where we’ve thought, ‘This is it now, we can really kick on’ and take the performances and the results and go forward, and then we’ve dropped back. “We’ve got another opportunity on Boxing Day, a tougher opponent – a really tough opponent – but we believe on our day with everything right, we can win any game.” last_img read more

Hospitality packages for our three Super 8s home g

first_imgHospitality packages for our three Super 8s home games against Hull FC, Wigan Warriors and Huddersfield Giants are now on sale and selling quickly.We are receiving lots of requests from existing Members who want to upgrade from their normal seat within the Totally Wicked Stadium, so why not join them?Join us in our 1873 Lounge to enjoy the following:Three-course mealHalf-time refreshments plus complimentary tea and coffeeComplimentary Match ProgrammePadded seat in the South StandHear from two first-team squad members to preview the gameFormer player will also be on stage pre-match to discuss their career at SaintsVisit from Man of the Match post-match to be interviewed by our MC, Pete EmmettEntertainment through the evening from our table magician, John HoltTake part in our fun quiz sponsored by Robinsons Brewery, with a prize of a free round of drinks for the winning tableCar parking for every four places bookedPrices:  2017 Member UpgradeNon MembersAdultsJuniors (12 and under)AdultsJuniors (12 and under)Hull FC£55 + VAT£33 + VAT£68 + VAT£42 + VATWigan£55 + VAT£33 + VAT£68 + VAT£42 + VATHuddersfield£45 + VAT£25 + VAT£50 + VAT£30 + VATTo book, call us on 01744 455053 or for more information, please send us an email to sales@saintsrlfc.comWe hope you can join us and help push the team all the way to Old Trafford!last_img read more