Photos: Four new species of burrowing frogs discovered in India

first_imgAmphibians, Animals, Biodiversity, Conservation, Environment, Forests, Frogs, Green, Happy-upbeat Environmental, New Species, Rainforests, Research, Species Discovery, Tropical Forests, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation The four new species include Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar), CEPF Burrowing Frog (F. cepfi), Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog (F. Manoharani) and Neil Cox’s Burrowing Frog (F. neilcoxi).Two of the newly described frogs, the Kadar Burrowing Frog and CEPF Burrowing Frog, could be facing serious threats, the researchers warn.The Rufescent Burrowing Frog was previously listed as a Least Concern species under the IUCN Red List because of its wide distribution, but the new study shows that the species is actually restricted to a much smaller area. Scientists have described four new species of burrowing frogs in India, adding to the rapidly growing list of new amphibian species that have recently been discovered in the country.The frogs — which burrow and live underground — belong to the genus Fejervarya, researchers report in a new study published in Zootaxa.For a long time, scientists believed that the aptly named Rufescent Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya rufescens) was the only frog within the Fejervarya genus to build its home underground. The frog was also considered to be widely distributed in the Western Ghats in India. But its secretive burrowing lifestyle meant that the amphibian rarely surfaced and so was seldom encountered. Consequently, the species remained little studied.The rufescent burrowing frog was once believed to be the only burrowing frog in the Fejervarya genus. Photo by U Ajith (Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA 3.0)To shed light on this species, lead author Sonali Garg of the University of Delhi collected specimens of the frog from across the Western Ghats between 2007 and 2015. When she brought them back to her lab in Delhi and examined their morphology, DNA and vocalizations in detail, she discovered that the frogs believed to be Rufescent Burrowing Frog were not one, but five distinct species.Four of these — Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar), CEPF Burrowing Frog (F. cepfi), Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog (F. Manoharani) and Neil Cox’s Burrowing Frog (F. neilcoxi) — are new to science.“Our study highlights a fairly common group of frogs that is usually found closer to human habitations but still not documented properly,” Garg, who conducted this study as part of her PhD, said in a statement. “More extensive studies are required to scientifically identify and describe the Western Ghats frogs which are already facing extinction threats from various human activities.”Manoharan’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya manoharani) is named for Mr TM Manoharan, the former Principal Chief Conservator of Forests of Kerala. Photo by SD Biju.As a single species that was once believed to be abundant, the Rufescent Burrowing Frog was listed as ‘Least Concern’ under the IUCN Red List. But the scientists found that the species is actually restricted to a much smaller area in the state of Karnataka and adjoining regions in Kerala, north of Palghat gap in the Western Ghats. This means that its conservation status could possibly change.Two of the newly described frogs, the Kadar Burrowing Frog and CEPF Burrowing Frog, could also be facing serious threats, the researchers warn.Kadar Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya kadar) was discovered in the Vazachal forest of Kerala and the species is named after the Kadar tribe that lives in the region. Photo by SD Biju.“The new finding will have a significant implication on the conservation status of these frogs because now it is clear that instead of a single species there are five different species with different conservation requirements,” S D Biju, Garg’s PhD supervisor, said in the statement. “We need to be concerned about the existence of these newly discovered frogs and conduct further studies to reassess their conservation status.”Biju, nicknamed the “frogman of India”, has discovered around 80 new species of frogs so far. Garg, too, recently described seven new species of night frogs from the Western Ghats, four of which are smaller than a fingernail.CEPF Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya cepfi) is found in the popular hill-station Amboli in the state of Maharashtra, and is named after the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (USA). Photo by SD Biju.Neil Cox’s Burrowing Frog (Fejervarya neilcoxi), found in the Parambikulam Tiger Reserve in Kerala, is named after Dr Neil Cox of the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Photo by SD Biju.Citation:Garg S and Biju SD (2017) Description of four new species of Burrowing Frogs in the Fejervarya rufescens complex (Dicroglossidae) with notes on morphological affinities of Fejervarya species in the Western Ghats. Zootaxa Vol 4277, No 4. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4277.4.1FEEDBACK: Use this form to send a message to the author of this post. If you want to post a public comment, you can do that at the bottom of the page. Article published by Shreya Dasguptacenter_img Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsoredlast_img read more

Cornwall’s Fletcher eyes 40-goal season

first_imgWestern Bureau:Cornwall College forward Jourdain Fletcher has his sights set on a big season after scoring a hat-trick in Saturday’s 8-1 hammering of Irwin High in their opening Group A match in the 2015 ISSA/Flow daCosta Cup.After putting on a scintillating display, Fletcher said he wants 40 or more goals this season. If achieved, it would be one for the record books.”Before the game started, I felt that I was going to score, and when I got the first one I knew we were going to have a good game,” he said.”Hopefully, I will remain injury-free and if that is the case I want to score anywhere above 40 goals this year,” said a confident Fletcher.The 17-year-old is an important member of a Cornwall College team that has been together for three years. He won the national Under-16 title with them two years ago, and is hoping to replicate that success in the daCosta Cup.”This is a team of good players and we know how to play with each other. Once we keep listening to the coach’s instructions and play to our abilities, I believe we really can win this year,” reasoned Fletcher.It was his first goal of the campaign in the sixth minute that got things rolling for the former champions. And the pro-Cornwall crowd had not long to wait for a second, when he again struck three minutes later for a 2-0 lead inside 10 minutes.The speedy centre forward would complete his hat-trick in the 25th minute, after some deft moves to get by a defender before slamming the ball past Rusea Waite, the Irwin goalkeeper.Irwin got on the score sheet soon after from the penalty spot. Andrew Gaynor tucked the ball away from the spot in the 33rd minute.They never got any closer. Cornwall turned the screws once more to go 4-1 up in the 48th minute when Shakquelle Reid netted. And there were also goals from Pierce Nweke in the 63rd and Denyu Ricketts in the 85th to complete an easy outing for Dr Dean Weatherly’s troops.Cornwall host Green Pond High in their next match scheduled for Wednesday, September 16 at Jarrett Park. On that same day Irwin meet St James High also at Jarrett Park.last_img read more

The Baby Who Was Kept in the Closet

first_imgThe touching story of Dynasty, who in 2004, sat behind bars pregnant in Westminster, Maryland, USA, and wasn’t released until her deportation back to Liberia two years after the child was born, just went viral after her daughter found her through Facebook.“I have been searching for her through adoption searches and stuff but never knew that she was looking for me, too. I created a Facebook page using my real name months back in hopes of attracting all friends, not knowing that something so special to me would be found,” she added.Destiny, the shy and timid teenager who bears a strong resemblance to her mother, was on February 9, 2017 reunited with her mother while searching through the internet. Destiny says she has been ‘dying to see her mother’ and wasn’t upset about how they were reunited.“When my mother answered the call, my heart dropped. There she was, and smiling with one of the most beautiful smiles I have ever seen. Then she started crying, and then she disappeared. I could hear her but could only see a wall. I thought to myself, my mother must really miss me,” Destiny shared.For Dynasty though, seeing her child so calm, happy and anxious to see her again despite putting Destiny through the things she had to go through, was overwhelming.“I thought I would start off by saying sorry, but instead there she was smiling and glaring into my eyes with love, satisfaction and I couldn’t help it. I cried hard,” Dynasty said.In 2004, while Dynasty faced a ‘nasty’ court battle to stay in America, she discovered that she was pregnant the day she was placed behind bars. For the whole nine months of her pregnancy, she said she went through trauma, assault and constant depression.According to Dynasty, there came a time when she was placed in solitary confinement for her own good.“I remember having one of my court hearings and begging my lawyer to allow me to be deported so I wouldn’t have to leave my child behind. They told me about the law that prohibited me from going anywhere at the time and I was forced to have my baby while handcuffed and shackled,” she recalled.“We spent four days in the hospital after I had the caesarean section and I couldn’t stop crying. The nurses said I was the saddest mother they had ever come across and I was sedated almost the entire time I was on bed. But I remember her touch, rubbing her feet and fingers. No mother should have to go through that ever,” she sadly said. Destiny was released and picked up by Dynasty’s grandmother Adel, who was not allowed under any circumstances to have children or pets residing at her ‘special’ residence for elders.Sneaking the sleeping infant into her apartment building on a cold and icy day in January 2004, Destiny lived behind closed doors for two years without anyone knowing she was there. But Latter Day Saints church members and a small close-knit group of friends knew the story behind the child that appeared out of nowhere, and they did all they could to help Adel.“Destiny had nothing and we could not locate her father because her mother refused to show who he was for fear that his family would take her away from me. Dynasty tried so hard to keep the child a secret, even her family did not know about the baby living in my house.“Whenever the housing owners would check on us the elders, I’d hide baby Destiny in my room, or in a closet until the coast was clear. She lived like this until one day I fell ill and there was no way to even pick Destiny up, so I called on the church to find a family to take the child,” Adel added.Meanwhile, Dynasty never knew who had her daughter, while she lived half a world away. She fought to survive in a place that she said makes no sense to her. Dynasty said she set aside thinking of her daughter to focus on how to survive in Africa.“I have spent many days searching for my daughter at the internet café where I work but after some time I gave up. Luckily I decided to open a Facebook account using my real name when I received a message asking if I was ever living in Maryland. The account name was that of girl and I knew right away that it was important that I answer the call; and there she was,” added Dynasty.Destiny said she knows that her grandmother is now resting in peace.“Being here with everyone is as if I am here physically with my mother,” Destiny captioned on Facebook.Although Dynasty was not around when Destiny was with her nana, she was however there to see her baby girl smile and shed tears with her through Skype.“I’ve spent hours, days and years searching for this child not knowing that she was searching for me, too. It is a good thing that I used my real name on my Facebook page where she was able to trace me,” Dynasty added.Due to the nature of this story, all names have been changed.Destiny was a little over two years old when she was put up for adoption. “The church didn’t want us to lose her so they did everything they could to find a family for her,” her great grandmother said.Two years before Destiny was adopted, her mother Dynasty had a complicated life, one that started Destiny’s seclusion and adoption.“When I became pregnant with her, INS (now Homeland Security) decided I should be deported. I had messed up and they wanted me gone,” Dynasty shared.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more